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DLSE opinion letters - by subject

Revised 5/9/12

Letter No.

Manual Section

Description

1991.06.19

56.7.3.1

Alternative workweek: 9/80 schedule

1991.03.31

 

Alternative workweek: "Affected employees"

2009.03.23
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
 

Alternative Workweek: During Summer Months

1992.01.21

 

Alternative workweek: Healthcare registry workers (Order 5)

1992.02.28

 

Alternative workweek: Identifiable work unit

1990.07.06

 

Alternative workweek: Part-time employees

2002.05.22

56.11
56.11.1

Alternative workweek: Reduction of pay not allowed

1988.03.21

 

Alternative workweek: Substitute employees

1991.04.19

 

Alternative workweek: Temporary placement in multiple settings

Joint employment

1991.10.07

 

Alternative workweek: Work beyond regular schedule

2000.09.29

48.1.6

Belo contracts

1994.01.07

19.3.5

Bonus: Banquet service charges, overtime

Overtime: Banquet service charges as bonus

1993.01.19

35.2

Bonus: Effect of voluntary termination

1986.12.23

5.2.4

Bonus: Payday obligations, quarterly bonus

1988.07.14

49.2.1.2

Bonus: Payment on monthly basis (Labor Code § 204)

1987.06.03

35.5

Bonus: Substantial performance rule

1987.07.01

 

Bonus: Substantial performance, recovery from wages

2003.02.25

 

Child labor: Entertainment Industry - Reality Television

1998.09.15

 

Child labor: Prohibited construction work (Labor Code §1294.1)

2002.06.13-2

 

Commission calculations

1993.03.08

34.3.1
34.8

Commissions: Effect of termination

1988.05.04

 

Commissions: Loss reconciliation

Commission vs. piece rate

1993.02.22

11.3.1
29.2.3.1
34.4.1
49.2.1.2

Commissions: Loss reconciliation

Commissions: Mortgage loan officer commissions

1988.08.29

 

Commissions: Nursing procedures

2003.04.30   Commissions: Post termination

1990.10.01

34.4
34.4.1

Commissions: Reserve accounts; loss reconciliation

2002.12.09-2   Commissions: Timing of payments
2008.11.25
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Compensability: Time Spent Obtaining a Transportation Worker Identification Credential Card

1991.08.30

29.2.3.1

Compensable time

Owner/operator lease agreements: Costs of operating truck

1993.03.31

46.1.1
47.4.2
47.5.6.1

Compensation: "Control of the employer" test for compensation due to employee

Hours worked: On-call time, beepers

2000.11.03

 

Compensation: Ski industry employees

1999.09.23

3.5

Contract: What constitutes a written contract "for a definite period of time" within the meaning of Labor Code § 202 in determining the applicability of the waiting time penalty under Labor Code § 203

2002.06.12

 

Coverage of California's wage laws

2009.02.04
(Pdf w/attach)(Doc w/o)
Requesting Letter
 

Credit Available for Training Trust Payments

1997.02.21-2

22.3

Credit card requirement by employer where no cost to employee

1988.05.16-2

 

Day of rest

1988.06.13

 

Deductions: Authorization

1994.01.27

11.2.4
11.3.1

Deductions: Cost of processing lost or stolen check

2000.08.01

 

Deductions: Debiting a manager's pay for staff salary and expenses

1991.05.07

11.3.1
34.2

Deductions: Discussion of underlying law

2003.02.24  

Deductions: From employee's wages for damage to company property

2009.11.23
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter

11.3.1
34.2

Deductions: From Leave Credits for Partial and Full Day Absences of Exempt Employees

1993.02.22-2

11.2.4
22.3

Deductions: IWC Orders, Section 9

1998.09.18

 

Deductions: Negative election to participate in 401(k) plans (Labor Code §§ 221-224)

1999.09.22-1

 

Deductions: Overpayment of wages

1998.07.31

 

Deductions: Payroll (Labor Code § 224)

1993.04.19-1

11.3.2

Deductions: Unauthorized

Deductions: IWC Orders, Section 8

Deductions: Gross negligence, simple negligence

Posting of bond: Employer protection against loss of goods

1986.10.28

15.1.4
15.1.12

Differentiation between sick leave and vacation pay

Termination pay: Unearned vacation time advanced to employee deducted at time of termination

1996.05.30

3.2.2

Discharge: Layoff (contractual recall rights)

1993.05.04

3.2.2

Discharge: Layoff vs. shutdown

1992.04.27

15.1.12

Discharge: Pay at termination for holiday

1998.09.17

15.1.4

Discharge: Pay vacation at termination

Vacation: "Use it or lose it" clause

1999.01.09

4.6
34.9

Discharge: Payment of commissions upon termination

1996.07.26

 

Discharge: Waiting time penalty (employees of temporary employment agencies)

2010.04.07
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
 

Educational Internship Program

1987.01.07

 

Electric payroll deposit

2006.07.06
(Pdf)
  Electronic Delivery of wage statements

1998.11.10

 

Electronic paychecks and direct deposit (Labor Code §§ 226 and 1174)

1991.02.25-1

 

Employee expenses: Automobile insurance requirement (Labor Code § 2802)

1993.01.07-1

43.6.8

Employees: Vocational trainees (students)

Minimum wage: Trainees, application, exemption

1993.01.19-2

22.3

Employer must pay for mandated safety training

1994.06.21

31.3.2.1

Employment applications: Release of liability for disclosure of information

2000.05.17

 

Employment status: Culinary externs

1998.11.12

 

Employment status: Interns

2002.05.01

51.6.10

Exempt employee: Calculation of pro rata deduction from salary

2002.04.08

51.6.12
51.6.15

Exempt employee: No reduction in salary for day absent if there is a reasonable expectation that employee is to perform some duty

2002.03.12

51.6.7

Exempt employee: Reduction of salary in conjunction with reduction of hours in workday or days in workweek

2003.01.15  

Exempt status: Professionals

Wages: Payment based on employer's receipt of payment for services rendered

1998.10.05

52.3

Exemption: Administrative (insurance company claims reps)

2007.10.29

 

Exemption: Administrative (IT)

1999.07.26

 

Exemption: Administrative, recruiters of temporary workers

1993.07.06

 

Exemption: Executive, Applicability of Federal caselaw

1994.01.06

 

Exemption: Executive, "customarily and regularly"

1997.04.28

 

Exemption: Executive, remuneration test

1997.09.03

Exemption: Executive, remuneration test

1998.09.08

 

Exemption: Outside salesperson, real estate

1994.02.03-2

 

Exemption: Personal attendant (Order 15)

1997.03.10

 

Exemption: Professional, physician assistants and nurse practitioners

2003.01.13   Exemption: Site surveillance technicians

1997.03.05

54.10.7.1

Exemption: Teachers

2003.01.17   Exemption: Teachers

1996.12.30

46.6.6

Exemption: Trainee intern programs

2003.05.23
(Pdf) (Doc)

  Exemption: Determination of exempt or nonexempt status of officers and "key administrative personnel" employed by labor unions

1993.01.07

 

Exemptions: Salary basis test for administrative, executive, and professional employees

1994.08.14

29.2.3.1

Expenses: Reimbursement (Labor Code § 2802)

1997.03.21-2

22.3
29.2.3.1

Expenses: Reimbursement by direct deposit may not be compelled

1993.02.22-3

22.3
29.2.3.1

Expenses: Reimbursement for cost of insurance required by employer are recoverable (Labor Code § 2802)

1998.11.05

 

Expenses: Reimbursement, purchase of excess auto insurance (Labor Code § 2802)

2002.06.18

55.2.1.1
55.2.1.2
55.2.1.2.1

Employer: Definition of employer

2003.02.03   Farm labor contractor license requirements

2000.11.02-1

 

Farm labor contractor status

1993.04.19-3

 

Garment manufacturing license: Temporary employment agencies

1994.08.09

 

Garment manufacturing: Out-of-state supplier contracting in California

1994.03.03

Exempt status: Additional compensation

1998.09.11

 

Hours worked: Charging applicants for training

1996.07.12

 

Hours worked: Meal periods (employee required to remain on premises

1995.11.01

 

Hours worked: Meal periods (healthcare industry)

2001.01.12

 

Hours worked: Meal periods restricted to employer's premises

1994.02.16

46.2

Hours worked: On-call time (tests, travel, and training)

1993.03.31

46.1.1
47.4.2
47.5.6.1

Hours worked: On-call time, beepers

Compensation: "Control of the employer" test for compensation due to employee

1998.12.28

45.1.5.1
46.6.3
47.5.5.1

Hours worked: "On-call time," resident apartment managers

1991.11.01-3

 

Hours worked: Overtime, truck drivers adding covered to uncovered hours

1992.01.28

47.5.6.1

Hours worked: Pagers; On Duty Meal Period

2002.01.29

43.6.4.1
44.2.2
47.4.2
47.7.1

Hours worked: Public transit employees start and end shifts at different locations

Minimum wage

1998.05.29

 

Hours worked: Sleep periods for ambulance drivers and attendants (Orders 5 and 9-98)

1998.11.09

 

Hours worked: Sleep shifts (Order 5)

2002.12.11   Hours worked: Split shift

2002.02.21

46.3
46.3.1
46.3.2
47.5.1.1

Hours worked: Time spent traveling on out-of-town business trip

1993.11.29

 

Hours worked: Training or tryout time

1998.11.12-1

 

Hours worked: Training time

1989.12.07

 

Hours worked: Travel time

1988.05.16

46.6.4

Hours worked: Uniforms, change time

1994.02.03-3

46.6.4
48.1.9.1

Hours worked: Uniforms, change time

1998.12.23

46.6.4

Hours worked: Uniforms, change time

Hours worked: Effect of CBA on determining "hours worked"

1988.01.05

 

Hours worked: Unrelieved meal periods

1986.11.04

15.1.4
15.1.12

Hours worked: Vacation, flex time off

1993.12.09

48.1.2

Hours worked: Workday

Overtime: Pyramiding

1986.12.01

48.1.3

Hours worked: Workweek

2002.01.22

22.1.1

Illegal to require payment to apply for employment (Labor Code § 450)

1994.04.11

 

Independent contractor vs. employee: Assistant golf professional

2000.05.17-1

 

Independent contractors vs. employee, registered nurses with a nursing registry

1997.05.27

50.13.1

Independent contractors: "Promotional extras"

1997.12.03

 

IWC classification: Golf courses with restaurants

1998.07.29

 

IWC classification: Private clubs (Orders 5 and 10)

1998.09.14-1

 

IWC coverage: Agricultural occupations, Order 14 vs. 13 (packaging facility located on grower's farm)

1993.02.02

43.6.11

IWC coverage: Air charter service (Order 9)

1989.04.21

 

IWC coverage: Cut flower industry (Order 14)

1997.03.04

 

IWC coverage: Cut flower industry (Order 14)

1989.06.09

 

IWC coverage: Cut flower industry (Order 14)

1997.12.24

 

IWC coverage: Employees of temporary employment agencies

2003.01.10   IWC coverage: Employees of temporary employment agency placed with public employers

2001.12.03

 

IWC coverage: Log truck drivers (Order 16)

1990.07.23

 

IWC coverage: Maintenance (Order 5)

Overtime computation: Piece rate

1994.10.03

43.7.1.3

IWC coverage: Multi-purpose firm with distinctly separate units

1994.09.26

 

IWC coverage: Multi-purpose firm with distinctly separate units

1997.07.22-1

 

IWC coverage: Order 5 overlap with occupational orders

2005.11.23
(Pdf) (Doc)
 

IWC Coverage: Personal Attendant definition: Scope of Duties (Order 15)

1993.11.03

43.7.1.3

IWC coverage: Printing (Order 1)

IWC coverage: Newspaper publishing (Order 4)

1996.02.21

 

IWC coverage: Trucking company support personnel

1991.04.19

 

Joint employment

Alternative workweek: Temporary placement in multiple settings

1994.08.04

43.6.1

Jurisdiction: Military bases; Temporary/Full Time Employees in oil spill cleanup; Employees temporarily employed in another state

1994.08.04

43.6.1

Jurisdiction: Temporary/Full Time Employees in oil spill cleanup

1994.08.04

43.6.1

Jurisdiction: Employees temporarily employed in another state

1995.04.19

 

Jurisdiction: Multiplicity of actions

1985.02.14

 

Jurisdiction: National Forests

1986.07.31

 

Jurisdiction: NLRA preemption

2002.06.24

 

Labor Code § 233: Sick leave to attend to family

2003.05.21
(Pdf) (Doc)
  Labor Code § 233: Sick leave to attend to family

1993.05.04-2

24.3

Labor Code § 973: Advertising for employees during a strike, lockout, or other labor dispute

2003.01.30   Labor Code § 2928: Wage deductions for tardiness; apparent contradiction between code sections
2007.08.29   Mandated Security Officer Training Time: Compensability
2009.06.09
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Meal Periods: Fuel Carriers Subject to Federal Safety Regulations
2002.12.09-1   Meal periods: Impact of Senate Bill (SB) 1208 on an existing collective bargaining agreement

1991.06.03

 

Meal Periods - Obligation to provide

2002.09.04

 

Meal periods: "On duty"

1992.01.28

47.5.6.1

Meal period: On duty; Pagers

2003.10.17
(Pdf) (Doc)
  Meal periods: Private right of action to enforce amounts owed under the meal period provisions of the IWC Orders and Labor Code

1994.09.28

 

Meal Periods: Purported waiver of state standards

2002.01.29

43.6.4.1
44.2.2
47.4.2
47.7.1

Minimum wage

Hours worked: Public transit employees start and end shifts at different locations

2001.04.25

 

Minimum wage: California State University employees

1988.10.27

43.6.5
43.6.7

Minimum Wage: No exemption for employees of religious organizations

Volunteers: Definition of volunteer vs. employee

1993.01.07-1

43.6.8

Minimum wage: Trainees, application, exemption

Employees: Vocational trainees (students)

2008.07.07-2
(Pdf)(Doc) Requesting Letter
  Money Network Checks - Means of Payment of Wages under Labor Code § 212

2002.08.12

 

Negative election to participate in 401(k) plans

1994.07.14

 

Outside salesperson

1992.04.27-1

 

Overtime

Wages, regular rate of pay: Calculation for employee working at two different hourly rates

1991.11.01-4

 

Overtime: 24-hour employees

1998.11.04

 

Overtime: Airport shuttle drivers

1994.01.07

19.3.5

Overtime: Banquet service charges as bonus

Bonus: Banquet service charges, overtime

1991.01.04

 

Overtime: "Belo" contracts

1991.01.07-1

48.1.4
48.1.6

Overtime: "Belo" contracts; premium pay

1991.04.02

50.7.1.3

Overtime: Collective bargaining agreements

1994.03.25

 

Overtime: Combining covered and uncovered hours

2002.06.14-1

 

Overtime: Commission pay plans

1988.03.21-2

 

Overtime: Excessive, day of rest

1992.10.02

 

Overtime: Extended care facilities (14/80 rule)

1987.08.27

 

Overtime: Federal Service Contract Act

1997.12.03-2

 

Overtime: Fluctuating workweek

2002.12.13   Overtime: Limousine drivers

1983.11.25

34.1

Overtime: Mechanics, flat rate

2000.01.19

 

Overtime: No pyramiding of hours

1996.07.10

50.8.1.1

Overtime: Provisions of IWC wage order. for two-axle trucks not regulated by Department of Transporation

1993.12.09

48.1.2

Overtime: Pyramiding

Hours worked: Workday

1992.05.14

47.5.1.1

Overtime: Regular rate of pay, multiple rates

2001.04.09

 

Overtime: Saturday and Sunday work: Public Works employment contracting

1988.06.02

 

Overtime: Wage plus commission

Wages, regular rate of pay: Basic wage plus commission

1990.07.23

 

Overtime computation: Piece rate

IWC coverage: Maintenance (Order 5)

1994.02.03-4

50.9.8

Overtime exemption: Ambulance drivers and attendants

1994.02.07

50.6
50.6.4.3

Overtime exemption: Commissioned sales (use of draw in computing)

1994.06.17-2

 

Overtime exemption: Commissions ("principally")

1997.05.16

50.8.1.1
50.9.3

Overtime exemption: "For hire" motor trucks

1991.08.30

29.2.3.1

Owner/operator lease agreements: Costs of operating truck

Compensable time

1995.07.20

41.2.3

Paperless time recording system

1997.01.02

22.3

Patronizing employer: Employer cannot require employee to purchase truck for use in business (Labor Code § 450)

1993.04.19

5.2.4

Pay day obligations (Labor Code § 204)

1987.03.03

34.2

Pay: Minimum wage, draw offsets

1992.12.18

 

Payday obligations: Direct deposit

1994.02.03-1

9.1.9
9.1.9.3
41.2.3

Payday obligations: Direct deposit

1996.11.12

9.1.9

Payday obligations: Direct deposit

2008.07.07
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter 1
Requesting Letter 2
  Payroll/Debit Cards - Means of Payment of Wages Labor Code §§ 212 and 213

1997.10.21

 

Payroll direct deposit: ATM access

2002.12.12   Payroll: Payment by cash dispensing machine, violation of Labor Code §§ 212, 221, 450

1994.10.03-2

55.3.3

Personal attendant: "Other significant work"

1991.04.24

 

Personal attendant: Nonprofit corporation respite care workers, IWC Order 5

2005.11.23
(Pdf) (Doc)
 

Personal Attendant definition: Scope of Duties - IWC Order 15

1997.10.21-1

 

Personal attendants vs. practical nurses, intrusive care

1998.08.27

42.6

Personnel files: Obligations of employer to provide employees access

1998.08.12

 

Piece rate calculation

2003.10.17
(Pdf) (Doc)
  Private right of action to enforce amounts owed under the meal period provisions of the IWC Orders and Labor Code

1997.12.04

37.2.6

Public Works: partner coverage

2001.04.09

 

Public Works employment contracting: Saturday and Sunday work

1989.03.08

 

Reporting time pay

1992.01.30

 

Reporting time pay: Absent a specific agreement, eight hours of labor constitutes a day's work

1997.08.25

 

Reporting time pay: Poor performance

2003.04.23   Resident employees: IWC Order 5-2001 (as updated)

1986.01.03

45.3.3

Rest breaks

2002.01.28

 

Rest period provisions

2002.02.22

45.3.3

Rest period requirements

1999.02.16

45.3.1

Rest Periods

1995.06.02

 

Rest periods

2001.09.17

45.3.5
45.3.6.1

Rest periods: Order 16 (on-site construction)

Rest periods: CBA exception

2009.08.19
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Salary Basis Test - Work Schedule and Salary Reduction to Avoid Layoff

2002.06.13

 

Salesperson exemption (Orders 4 and 7)

2002.05.17 41.2.1 Semimonthly pay periods for nonexempt salaried employees (Labor Code § 226)

2000.11.02

19.3.5

Service charge not gratuity

1998.01.12

 

Similarly situated employees

2001.03.22

 

Stand-by time

2002.06.13-1   Tardiness

1986.09.15

4.3.1

Termination pay: Obligation to return in case of quit

1986.10.28

15.1.4
15.1.12

Termination pay: Unearned vacation time advanced to employee deducted at time of termination

Differentiation between sick leave and vacation pay

1999.05.17

 

Third party beneficiary claims

2005.09.08
(Pdf) (Doc)
  Tip pooling policy: lawfulness of mandatory policy and criteria for participation in mandatory policy

1998.12.28-1

19.3.1

Tip pooling

2001.06.22

 

Tips: Dancers (Orders 5 and 10)

1993.09.07

43.6.8

Trainees: Criteria utilized for true trainee situation vs. employee

1993.10.21

 

Student Trainee vs. employee; work permit requirement

1994.11.17

29.2.3.4

Training: Cost of licensure training not usually payable by employer

2003.04.22   Travel time pay for employee with alternative worksites

2001.02.04

 

Truck Driver/Transportation Industry

1994.02.16-1

45.5.2

Uniforms: Requirement, clothing without metal

1991.02.13

45.5.3

Uniforms: Requirements

1990.09.18

45.5.6

Uniforms: Tropical shirts

1986.12.30

15.1.4
15.1.5

Vacation: Accrual rate may not decelerate during employment

1987.03.16

15.1.5

Vacation: Based on proportionate accrual and no forfeiture

1992.03.03

 

Vacation: Bonus days

1986.12.24

 

Vacation: Cafeteria style plans

2003.01.28  

Vacation: Calculation

Waiting time penalty: Calculation

1986.11.17

15.1.10

Vacation: Calculation on draw, percentages of commissions

1986.05.20

15.1.10

Vacation: Car allowance

1994.03.08

15.1.10

Vacation: Cash out at lesser rates prohibited

2003.01.21   Vacation: Change in plan

1991.01.07

15.1.4
15.1.4.1

Vacation: Earnings cap

1993.08.18

15.1.4

Vacation: Earnings cap (reasonableness)

1987.06.13

43.6.11

Vacation: Federal Service Contract Act (See also O.L. 1987.09.08)

1987.09.08

43.6.11

Vacation: Federal Service Contract Act (See also O.L. 1987.06.13)

1987.07.13

15.1.10

Vacation: Longevity bonuses by temporary service agencies in lieu of vacation

1990.09.24

15.1.3

Vacation: "Paid time off"

1997.10.01

 

Vacation: Pay as "wages"

1987.01.14-1

15.1.12

Vacation: Personal days off

1987.05.11

15.1.10

Vacation: Pro rata pay case-by-case basis

1988.08.04

15.1.4
15.1.5

Vacation: Probationary periods, accrual and acceleration

1991.05.16

 

Vacation: Recovery of unearned vacation, prospective policy amendment

1987.10.06

15.1.14

Vacation: Sabbatical leave (See also, O.L. 1987.07.13-1)

1987.07.13-1

15.1.13

Vacation: Sabbatical leave (See also, O.L. 1987.10.06)

1986.12.13

15.1.13

Vacation: Sabbatical leave

1987.03.11

15.1.12.1

Vacation: Sick leave used for personal business

1988.07.25

Vacation: Earnings cap

1998.09.17

15.1.4

Vacation: "Use it or lose it" clause

Discharge: Pay vacation at termination

1987.05.14

15.1.2

Vacation: When not paid, employees allowed unpaid time off

1988.10.27

43.6.5
43.6.7

Volunteers: Definition of volunteer vs. employee

Minimum Wage: No exemption for employees of religious organizations

2008.11.25-1
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Wage Deduction: Authorization for Overpayments Due to Payroll Practice

1994.06.17-1

49.2.1.2

Wages, regular rate of pay

1988.06.02

 

Wages, regular rate of pay: Basic wage plus commission

Overtime: Wage plus commission

1991.03.06

35.7

Wages, regular rate of pay: Bonuses included in overtime calculation

1992.04.27-1

 

Wages, regular rate of pay: Calculation for employee working at two different hourly rates

Overtime

2003.01.29   Wages, regular rate of pay: Calculation where employer wishes to provide additional compensation to employee to "make them whole" when employee is "called off" scheduled work because of drop in workload

1992.01.29

 

Wages, regular rate of pay: Explicit agreement

1993.02.22-1

49.2.1.2

Wages, regular rate of pay: Piece rate, calculation

1998.09.14

9.1.2.1

Wages: Bonus paid in kind Labor Code § 212)

1988.03.28

49.2.1.2

Wages: Calculation salary plus commissions

2002.12.09   Wages: Camp counselors

1988.06.15

49.2.1.2

Wages: Hourly rate plus commissions

1988.05.05

5.2.4

Wages: Pay day obligations (Labor Code § 204)

2003.01.15  

Wages: Payment based on employer's receipt of payment for services rendered

Exempt status: Professionals

2002.03.01

51.6.6
51.6.21.1

Wages: Salary basis test exempt employees

2002.05.06

51.6.1

Wages: Salary requirement, disciplinary deductions from exempt's salary

1987.02.17

49.2.1.2

Wages: Value of prizes calculated in overtime

2003.01.28  

Waiting time penalty: Calculation

Vacation: Calculation

1997.07.15

 

Waiting time penalty: Collective bargaining agreements

1996.11.20

4.6.2

Waiting time penalty: "Willfulness" (inability to pay)

1998.09.11-1

 

Work recesses: IWC Order 8-80, Section 3(E)

1992.11.05

 

Workers' compensation insurance coverage: Employee leasing company

1998.07.15

 

Workers' compensation insurance coverage: Requirement for relatives

1997.07.22

 

Workers' compensation insurance: Out-of-state employers

1993.10.21

43.6.8

Work permit requirement: Student Trainee vs. employee