Reducing Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure in Dentistry:
An Update -- Page 4


Information on topics related to reducing or preventing bloodborne pathogens exposures may be obtained from a wide variety of sources. The list of sources below is not exhaustive and does not include all sources that may provide useful information. Inclusion on the list is not an endorsement of any particular source. Examples of useful informational sources are as follows:

American Dental Association


Guidelines for Infection Control in Dental Health-Care Settings – 2003, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Dec 19th, 2003, Vol. 52, No. RR-17.

OSHA, dentistry, bloodborne pathogens


Organization for Safety and Asepsis Procedures


Infection Control -

Carlton JE, Dodson TB, Cleveland JL, Lockwood SA. The risk of percutaneous injury in oral and maxillofacial surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1997;55:553-6.

Cleveland JL, Barker L, Gooch BF, Beltrán ED, Cardo D. Use of HIV postexposure prophylaxis by dental health care personnel: An overview and updated recommendations. JADA 2002;133(12):1619-1630.

Cleveland JL, Cardo DM. Occupational exposures to human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus: risk, prevention, and management. Dent Clin N Am 2003;47:681-696.

Cleveland J, Lockwood S, Gooch B, Percutaneous injuries during dental procedures: An observational study. J Am Dent Assoc 1995;126:745-51.

Cleveland JL, Gooch BF, Lockwood SA. Occupational blood exposures in dentistry: a decade in review. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1997;18(10):717-21.

Cleveland JL, Gooch BF, Shearer BG, Lyerla RL. Risk and prevention of hepatitis C virus infection: implications for dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc 1999;130:641-47.

Cleveland JL, Marianos DW. Special Considerations for Dentistry. In: DeVita VT, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, eds. AIDS: Biology, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, 1997:675-683.

Cleveland JL, Siew C, Lockwood SA, Gruninger SE, Gooch BF, Shapiro CN. Hepatitis B vaccination and infection among US dentists, 1983-1992. J Am Dent Assoc 1996;127:1385-92.

Coulter I, Marcus M, Freed JR, Der-Martirosian C, Cunningham WE, Andersen RM, Maas WR, Garcia I, Schneider DA, Genovese B, Shapiro MP, Bozzette SA. Use of dental care by HIV-infected medical patients. J Dent Res 2000;79(6):1356-61.

Gooch BF, Cardo DM, Marcus R, McKibben PS, Cleveland JL, Percutaneous exposures to HIV-infected blood among dental workers enrolled in the CDC needlestick study. J Am Dent Assoc 1995;126:1237-42.

Gooch BF, Siew C, Cleveland JL, Gruninger SE, Lockwood SA, Joy ED. Occupational blood exposure and HIV infection among oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 1998;85:128-34.