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DLSE opinion letters - by date

Revised 12/2/14

Letter No.

Manual Section

Description

2014.11.6
(Pdf)
Requesting Letter
  Domestic Worker Bill of Rights and IWC Order 5
2013.11.15
(Pdf)
Requesting Letter
  Meal Periods: On-duty drivers of hazardous & flammable materials
2010.04.07
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Educational Internship Program
2009.11.23
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Deductions: From Leave Credits for Partial and Full Day Absences of Exempt Employees
2009.08.19
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Salary Basis Test - Work Schedule and Salary Reduction to Avoid Layoff
2009.06.09
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Meal Periods: Fuel Carriers Subject to Federal Safety Regulations
2009.03.23
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Alternative Workweek: During Summer Months
2009.02.04
(Pdf w/attach)(Doc w/o)
Requesting Letter
  Credit Available for Training Trust Payments
2008.11.25
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Compensability: Time Spent Obtaining a Transportation Worker Identification Credential Card
2008.11.25-1
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter
  Wage Deduction: Authorization for Overpayments Due to Payroll Practice
2008.07.07
(Pdf)(Doc)
Requesting Letter 1
Requesting Letter 2
  Payroll/Debit Cards - Means of Payment of Wages Labor Code §§ 212 and 213
2008.07.07-2
(Pdf)(Doc) Requesting Letter
  Money Network Checks - Means of Payment of Wages under Labor Code § 212
2007.10.29
(Pdf)
  Exemption: Administrative (IT)
2007.08.29
(Pdf)
  Mandated Security Officer Training Time: Compensability
2006.07.06
(Pdf)
  Electronic Delivery of wage statements
2005.11.23
(Pdf) (Doc)
  Personal Attendant definition: Scope of Duties - IWC Order 15
2005.09.08
(Pdf) (Doc)
  Tip pooling policy: lawfulness of mandatory policy and criteria for participation in mandatory policy
2003.10.17
(Pdf) (Doc)
  Private right of action to enforce amounts owed under the meal period provisions of the IWC Orders and under the Labor Code

2003.05.23
(Pdf) (Doc)

  Exemption: Determination of exempt or nonexempt status of officers and "key administrative personnel" employed by labor unions
2003.05.21
(Pdf) (Doc)
  Labor Code § 233: Sick leave to attend to family
2003.04.30   Commissions: Post termination
2003.04.23   Resident Employees - IWC Order 5-2001 (as updated)
2003.04.22   Travel time pay for employee with alternative worksites
2003.02.25   Child labor: Entertainment Industry - Reality Television
2003.02.24   Deductions: From employee's wages for damage to company property
2003.02.03   Farm labor contractor license requirements
2003.01.30   Labor Code § 2928: Wage deductions for tardiness; apparent contradiction between code sections
2003.01.29   Wages, regular rate of pay: Calculation where employer wishes to provide additional compensation to employee to "make them whole" when employee is "called off" scheduled work because of drop in workload
2003.01.28  

Waiting time penalty: Calculation

Vacation pay: Calculation

2003.01.21   Vacation pay: Change in plan
2003.01.17   Exemption: Teachers
2003.01.15  

Wages: Payment based on employer's receipt of payment for services rendered

Exempt status: Professionals

2003.01.13   Exemption: Site surveillance technicians
2003.01.10   IWC coverage: Employees of temporary employment agency placed with public employers
2002.12.13   Overtime: Limousine drivers
2002.12.12   Payroll payment by cash dispensing machine
2002.12.11   Hours worked: Split shift
2002.12.09   Wage requirements for camp counselors
2002.12.09-1   Meal periods: Impact of Senate Bill 1208 on an existing collective bargaining agreement
2002.12.09-2   Commission payments

2002.09.04

  Meal periods: "On duty"

2002.08.12

 

Negative election to participate in 401(k) plans

2002.06.24

 

Labor Code § 233: Sick leave to attend to family

2002.06.18

55.2.1.1; 55.2.1.2; 55.2.1.2.1

Employer: Definition of employer

2002.06.14-1

 

Overtime: Commission pay plans

2002.06.13

 

Salesperson exemption (Orders 4 and 7)

2002.06.13-1   Tardiness

2002.06.13-2

 

Commission calculations

2002.06.12

 

Coverage of California's wage laws

2002.05.22

56.11; 56.11.1

Alternative workweek: Reduction of pay not allowed

2002.05.17

41.2.1

Semimonthly pay periods for nonexempt salaried employees (Labor Code § 226)

2002.05.06

51.6.1

Wages: Salary requirement, disciplinary deductions from exempt's salary

2002.05.01

51.6.10

Exempt employee: Calculation of pro rata deduction from salary

2002.04.08

51.6.12; 51.6.15

Exempt employee: No reduction in salary for day absent if there is a reasonable expectation that employee is to perform some duty

2002.03.12

51.6.7

Exempt employee: Reduction of salary in conjunction with reduction of hours in workday or days in workweek

2002.03.01

51.6.6; 51.6.21.1

Wages: Salary basis test exempt employees

2002.02.22

45.3.3

Rest period requirements

2002.02.21

46.3; 46.3.1; 46.3.2; 47.5.1.1

Hours worked: time spent traveling on out-of-town business trip

2002.01.29

43.6.4.1; 44.2.2; 47.4.2; 47.7.1

Hours worked: Public transit employees start and end shifts at different locations

Minimum wage

2002.01.28

 

Rest period provisions

2002.01.22

22.1.1

Illegal to require payment to apply for employment (Labor Code § 450)

2001.12.03

 

IWC coverage: Log truck drivers (Order 16)

2001.09.17

45.3.5; 45.3.6.1

Rest periods: Order 16 (on-site construction)

Rest periods: CBA exception

2001.06.22

 

Tips: Dancers (Orders 5 and 10)

2001.04.25

 

Minimum wage: California State University employees

2001.04.09

 

Overtime: Saturday and Sunday work: Public Works employment contracting

2001.03.22

 

Stand-by time

2001.02.04

 

Truck Driver/Transportation Industry

2001.01.12

 

Hours worked: Meal periods restricted to employer's premises

2000.11.03

 

Compensation: Ski industry employees

2000.11.02

19.3.5

Service charge not gratuity

2000.11.02-1

 

Farm labor contractor status

2000.09.29

48.1.6

Belo contracts

2000.08.01

 

Deductions: Debiting a manager's pay for staff salary and expenses

2000.05.17

 

Employment status: Culinary externs

2000.05.17-1

 

Independent contractors vs. employee, registered nurses with a nursing registry

2000.01.19

 

Overtime: No pyramiding of hours

1999.09.23

3.5

Contract: What constitutes a written contract "for a definite period of time" within the meaning of Labor Code § 202 in determining the applicability of the waiting time penalty under Labor Code § 203

1999.09.22-1

 

Deductions: Overpayment of wages

1999.07.26

 

Exemption: Administrative, recruiters of temporary workers

1999.05.17

 

Third party beneficiary claims

1999.02.16

45.3.1

Rest Periods

1999.01.09

4.6; 34.9

Discharge: Payment of commissions upon termination

1998.12.28

45.1.5.1; 46.6.3; 47.5.5.1

Hours worked: "On-call time," resident apartment managers

1998.12.28-1

19.3.1

Tip pooling

1998.12.23

46.6.4

Hours worked: Uniforms, change time

Hours worked: Effect of CBA on determining "hours worked"

1998.11.12

 

Employment status: Interns

1998.11.12-1

 

Hours worked: Training time

1998.11.10

 

Electronic paychecks and direct deposit (Labor Code §§ 226 and 1174)

1998.11.09

 

Hours worked: Sleep shifts (Order 5)

1998.11.05

 

Expenses: Reimbursement, purchase of excess auto insurance (Labor Code § 2802)

1998.11.04

 

Overtime: Airport shuttle drivers

1998.10.05

52.3

Exemption: Administrative (insurance company claims reps)

1998.09.18

 

Deductions: Negative election to participate in 401(k) plans (Labor Code §§ 221-224)

1998.09.17

15.1.4

Vacation: "Use it or lose it" clause

Discharge: Pay vacation at termination

1998.09.15

 

Child labor: Prohibited construction work (Labor Code §1294.1)

1998.09.14

9.1.2.1

Wages: Bonus paid in kind Labor Code § 212)

1998.09.14-1

 

IWC coverage: Agricultural occupations, Order 14 vs. 13 (packaging facility located on grower's farm)

1998.09.11

 

Hours worked: Charging applicants for training

1998.09.11-1

 

Work recesses: IWC Order 8-80, Section 3(E)

1998.09.08

 

Exemption: Outside salesperson, real estate

1998.08.27

42.6

Personnel files: Obligations of employer to provide employees access

1998.08.12

 

Piece rate calculation

1998.07.31

 

Deductions: Payroll (Labor Code § 224)

1998.07.29

 

IWC classification: Private clubs (Orders 5 and 10)

1998.07.15

 

Workers' compensation insurance coverage: Requirement for relatives

1998.05.29

 

Hours worked: Sleep periods for ambulance drivers and attendants (Orders 5 and 9-98)

1998.01.12

 

Similarly situated employees

1997.12.24

 

IWC coverage: Employees of temporary employment agencies

1997.12.04

37.2.6

Public Works: partner coverage

1997.12.03

 

IWC classification: Golf courses with restaurants

1997.12.03-2

 

Overtime: Fluctuating workweek

1997.10.21

 

Payroll direct deposit: ATM access

1997.10.21-1

 

Personal attendants vs. practical nurses, intrusive care

1997.10.01

 

Vacation pay as "wages"

1997.09.03

 

Exemption: Executive, remuneration test

1997.08.25

 

Reporting time pay: Poor performance

1997.07.22

 

Workers' compensation insurance: Out-of-state employers

1997.07.22-1

 

IWC coverage: Order 5 overlap with occupational orders

1997.07.15

 

Waiting time penalty: Collective bargaining agreements

1997.05.27

50.13.1

Independent contractors: "Promotional extras"

1997.05.16

50.8.1.1; 50.9.3

Overtime exemption: "For hire" motor trucks

1997.04.28

 

Exemption: Executive, remuneration test

1997.03.21-2

22.3, 29.2.3.1

Expenses: Reimbursement by direct deposit may not be compelled

1997.03.10

 

Exemption: Professional, physician assistants and nurse practitioners

1997.03.05

54.10.7.1

Exemption: Teachers

1997.03.04

 

IWC coverage: Cut flower industry (Order 14)

1997.02.21-2

22.3

Credit card requirement by employer where no cost to employee

1997.01.02

22.3

Patronizing employer: Employer cannot require employee to purchase truck for use in business (Labor Code § 450)

1996.12.30

46.6.6

Exemption: Trainee intern programs

1996.11.20

4.6.2

Waiting time penalty: "Willfulness" (inability to pay)

1996.11.12

9.1.9

Payday obligations: Direct deposit

1996.07.26

 

Deductions from final wages-Negligence
(See LC 203.1 for timing of final wages to temporary agency employees)

1996.07.12

 

Hours worked: Meal periods (employee required to remain on premises

1996.07.10

50.8.1.1

Overtime: Provisions of IWC wage order. for two-axle trucks not regulated by Department of Transporation

1996.05.30

3.2.2

Discharge: Layoff (contractual recall rights)

1996.02.21

 

IWC coverage: Trucking company support personnel

1995.11.01

 

Hours worked: Meal periods (healthcare industry)

1995.07.20

41.2.3

Paperless time recording system

1995.06.02

 

Rest periods

1995.04.19

 

Jurisdiction: Multiplicity of actions

1994.11.17

29.2.3.4

Training: Cost of licensure training not usually payable by employer

1994.10.03

43.7.1.3

IWC coverage: Multi-purpose firm with distinctly separate units

1994.10.03-2

55.3.3

Personal attendant: "Other significant work"

1994.09.28

 

Meal Periods: Purported waiver of state standards

1994.09.26

 

IWC coverage: Multi-purpose firm with distinctly separate units

1994.08.14

29.2.3.1

Expenses: Reimbursement (Labor Code § 2802)

1994.08.09

 

Garment manufacturing: Out-of-state supplier contracting in California

1994.08.04

43.6.1

Jurisdiction: Military bases; Temporary/Full Time Employees in oil spill cleanup; Employees temporarily employed in another state

1994.07.14

 

Outside salesperson

1994.06.21

31.3.2.1

Employment applications: Release of liability for disclosure of information

1994.06.17-1

49.2.1.2

Wages, regular rate of pay

1994.06.17-2

 

Overtime exemption: Commissions ("principally")

1994.04.11

 

Independent contractor vs. employee: Assistant golf professional

1994.03.25

 

Overtime: Combining covered and uncovered hours

1994.03.08

15.1.10

Vacation: Cash out at lesser rates prohibited

1994.03.03

Exempt status: Additional compensation

1994.02.16

46.2

Hours worked: On-call time (tests, travel, and training)

1994.02.16-1

45.5.2

Uniforms: Requirement, clothing without metal

1994.02.07

50.6; 50.6.4.3

Overtime exemption: Commissioned sales (use of draw in computing)

1994.02.03-1

9.1.9; 9.1.9.3; 41.2.3

Payday obligations: Direct deposit

1994.02.03-2

 

Exemption: Personal attendant (Order 15)

1994.02.03-3

46.6.4; 48.1.9.1

Hours worked: Uniforms, change time

1994.02.03-4

50.9.8

Overtime exemption: Ambulance drivers and attendants

1994.01.27

11.2.4; 11.3.1

Deductions: Cost of processing lost or stolen check

1994.01.07

19.3.5

Overtime: Banquet service charges as bonus

Bonus: Banquet service charges, overtime

1994.01.06

 

Exemption: Executive, "customarily and regularly"

1993.12.09

48.1.2

Hours worked: Workday

Overtime: Pyramiding

1993.11.29

 

Hours worked: Training or tryout time

1993.11.03

43.7.1.3

IWC coverage: Printing (Order 1)

IWC coverage: Newspaper publishing (Order 4)

1993.10.21

 

Student Trainee vs. employee; work permit requirement

1993.09.07

43.6.8

Trainees: Criteria utilized for true trainee situation vs. employee

1993.08.18

15.1.4

Vacation: Earnings cap (reasonableness)

1993.07.06

 

Exemption: Executive, Applicability of Federal caselaw

1993.05.04

3.2.2

Discharge: Layoff vs. shutdown

1993.05.04-2

24.3

Labor Code § 973: Advertising for employees during a strike, lockout, or other labor dispute

1993.04.19-3

 

Garment manufacturing license: Temporary employment agencies

1993.04.19

5.2.4

Pay day obligations (Labor Code § 204)

1993.04.19-1

11.3.2

Deductions: Unauthorized

Deductions: IWC Orders, Section 8

Deductions: Gross negligence, simple negligence

Posting of bond: Employer protection against loss of goods

1993.03.31

46.1.1; 47.4.2; 47.5.6.1

Hours worked: On-call time, beepers

Compensation: "Control of the employer" test for compensation due to employee

1993.03.08

34.3.1; 34.8

Commissions: Effect of termination

1993.02.22

11.3.1; 29.2.3.1; 34.4.1; 49.2.1.2

Commissions: Loss reconciliation

Commissions: Mortgage loan officer commissions

1993.02.22-1

49.2.1.2

Wages, regular rate of pay: Piece rate, calculation

1993.02.22-2

11.2.4; 22.3

Deductions: IWC Orders, Section 9

1993.02.22-3

29.2.3.1;

22.3

Expenses: Reimbursement for cost of insurance required by employer are recoverable (Labor Code § 2802)

1993.02.02

43.6.11

IWC coverage: Air charter service (Order 9)

1993.01.19

35.2

Bonus: Effect of voluntary termination

1993.01.19-2

22.3

Employer must pay for mandated safety training

1993.01.07

 

Exemptions: Salary basis test for administrative, executive, and professional employees

1993.01.07-1

43.6.8

Employees: Vocational trainees (students)

Minimum wage: Trainees, application, exemption

1992.12.18

 

Payday obligations: Direct deposit

1992.11.05

 

Workers' compensation insurance coverage: Employee leasing company

1992.10.02

 

Overtime: Extended care facilities (14/80 rule)

1992.05.14

47.5.1.1

Overtime: Regular rate of pay, multiple rates

1992.04.27

15.1.12

Discharge: Pay at termination for holiday

1992.04.27-1

 

Wages, regular rate of pay: Calculation for employee working at two different hourly rates

Overtime

1992.03.03

 

Vacation: Bonus days

1992.02.28

 

Alternative workweek: Identifiable work unit

1992.01.30

 

Reporting time pay: Absent a specific agreement, eight hours of labor constitutes a day's work

1992.01.29

 

Wages, regular rate of pay: Explicit agreement

1992.01.28

47.5.6.1

Hours worked: Pagers; Meal Period "On Duty"

1992.01.21

 

Alternative workweek: Healthcare registry workers (Order 5)

1991.11.01-3

 

Hours worked: Overtime, truck drivers adding covered to uncovered hours

1991.11.01-4

 

Overtime: 24-hour employees

1991.10.07

 

Alternative workweek: Work beyond regular schedule

1991.08.30

29.2.3.1

Owner/operator lease agreements: Costs of operating truck

Compensable time

1991.06.19

56.7.3.1

Alternative workweek: 9/80 schedule

1991.06.03

 

Meal Periods - Obligation to provide

1991.05.16

 

Vacation: Recovery of unearned vacation, prospective policy amendment

1991.05.07

11.3.1; 34.2

Deductions: Discussion of underlying law

1991.04.24

 

Personal attendant: Nonprofit corporation respite care workers, IWC Order 5

1991.04.19

 

Joint employment

Alternative workweek: Temporary placement in multiple settings

1991.04.02

50.7.1.3

Overtime: Collective bargaining agreements

1991.03.31

 

Alternative workweek: "Affected employees"

1991.03.06

35.7

Wages, regular rate of pay: Bonuses included in overtime calculation

1991.02.25-1

 

Employee expenses: Automobile insurance requirement (Labor Code § 2802)

1991.02.13

45.5.3

Uniforms: Requirements

1991.01.07

15.1.4;

15.1.4.1

Vacation: Earnings cap

1991.01.07-1

48.1.4; 48.1.6

Overtime: "Belo" contracts; premium pay

1991.01.04

 

Overtime: "Belo" contracts

1990.10.01

34.4; 34.4.1;

Commissions: Reserve accounts; loss reconciliation

1990.09.24

15.1.3

Vacation: "Paid time off"

1990.09.18

45.5.6

Uniforms: Tropical shirts

1990.07.23

 

Overtime computation: Piece rate

IWC coverage: Maintenance (Order 5)

1990.07.06

 

Alternative workweek: Part-time employees

1989.12.07

 

Hours worked: Travel time

1989.06.09

 

IWC coverage: Cut flower industry (Order 14)

1989.04.21

 

IWC coverage: Cut flower industry (Order 14)

1989.03.08

 

Reporting time pay

1988.10.27

43.6.5; 43.6.7

Volunteers: Definition of volunteer vs. employee

Minimum Wage: No exemption for employees of religious organizations

1988.08.29

 

Commissions: Nursing procedures

1988.08.04

15.1.4; 15.1.5

Vacation: Probationary periods, accrual and acceleration

1988.07.25

Vacation: Earnings cap

1988.07.14 49.2.1.2 Bonus: Payment on monthly basis (Labor Code § 204)

1988.06.15

49.2.1.2

Wages: Hourly rate plus commissions

1988.06.13

 

Deductions: Authorization

1988.06.02

 

Wages, regular rate of pay: Basic wage plus commission

Overtime: Wage plus commission

1988.05.16

46.6.4

Hours worked: Uniforms, change time

1988.05.16-2

 

Day of rest

1988.05.05

5.2.4

Wages: Pay day obligations (Labor Code § 204)

1988.05.04

 

Commissions: Loss reconciliation

Commission vs. piece rate

1988.03.28

49.2.1.2

Wages: Calculation salary plus commissions

1988.03.21

 

Alternative workweek: Substitute employees

1988.03.21-2

 

Overtime: Excessive, day of rest

1988.01.05

 

Hours worked: Unrelieved meal periods

1987.10.06

15.1.14

Vacation: Sabbatical leave (See also, O.L. 1987.07.13-1)

1987.09.08

43.6.11

Vacation: Federal Service Contract Act (See also O.L. 1987.06.13)

1987.08.27

 

Overtime: Federal Service Contract Act

1987.07.13

15.1.10

Vacation: Longevity bonuses by temporary service agencies in lieu of vacation

1987.07.13-1

15.1.13

Vacation: Sabbatical leave (See also, O.L. 1987.10.06)

1987.07.01

 

Bonus: Substantial performance, recovery from wages

1987.06.13

43.6.11

Vacation: Federal Service Contract Act (See also O.L. 1987.09.08)

1987.06.03

35.5

Bonus: Substantial performance rule

1987.05.14

15.1.2

Vacation: When not paid, employees allowed unpaid time off

1987.05.11

15.1.10

Vacation: Pro rata pay case-by-case basis

1987.03.16

15.1.5

Vacation: Based on proportionate accrual and no forfeiture

1987.03.11

15.1.12.1

Vacation: Sick leave used for personal business

1987.03.03

34.2

Pay: Minimum wage, draw offsets

1987.02.17

49.2.1.2

Wages: Value of prizes calculated in overtime

1987.01.14-1

15.1.12

Vacation: Personal days off

1987.01.07

 

Electric payroll deposit

1986.12.30

15.1.4;

15.1.5

Vacation: Accrual rate may not decelerate during employment

1986.12.24

 

Vacation: Cafeteria style plans

1986.12.23

5.2.4

Bonus: Payday obligations, quarterly bonus

1986.12.13

15.1.13

Vacation: Sabbatical leave

1986.12.01

48.1.3

Hours worked: Workweek

1986.11.17

15.1.10

Vacation: Calculation on draw, percentages of commissions

1986.11.04

15.1.4;

15.1.12

Hours worked: Vacation, flex time off

1986.10.28

15.1.4;

15.1.12

Termination pay: Unearned vacation time advanced to employee deducted at time of termination

Differentiation between sick leave and vacation pay

1986.09.15

4.3.1

Termination pay: Obligation to return in case of quit

1986.07.31

 

Jurisdiction: NRLA preemption

1986.05.20

15.1.10

Vacation: Car allowance

1986.01.03

45.3.3

Rest breaks

1985.02.14

 

Jurisdiction: National Forests

1983.11.25

34.1

Overtime: Mechanics, flat rate