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Subchapter 5. Electrical Safety Orders
Group 2. High-Voltage Electrical Safety Orders
Article 36. Work Procedures and Operating Procedures

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§2944.1. Power Generation.

(a) This section provides additional requirements and related work practices for power generation plants.
(1) Interlocks and other safety devices.
(A) Interlocks and other safety devices shall be maintained in a safe, operable condition.
(B) No interlock or other safety device shall be modified to defeat its function, except for test, repair, or adjustment of the device.
(2) Changing brushes. Before exciter or generator brushes are changed while the generator is in service, the exciter or generator field shall be checked to determine whether a ground condition exists. The brushes shall not be changed while the generator is energized if a ground condition exists.
(3) Access and working space. The employer shall provide and maintain sufficient access and working space about electric equipment to permit ready and safe operation and maintenance of such equipment by employees.
(4) Rooms and other spaces containing electric supply equipment shall be guarded in accordance with the requirements of Article 17 of these Orders.
(5) All live energized parts operating at more than 50 volts and less than or equal to 600 volts (nominal) shall be guarded in accordance Section 2340.17 of the LVESO and all live energized parts operating above 600 volts (nominal) shall be guarded by the requirements of Article 35 of these Orders.
(b) Water or Steam Spaces. The following requirements apply to work in water and steam spaces associated with boilers:
(1) A designated employee shall inspect conditions before work is permitted and after its completion. Eye protection, or full face protection if necessary, shall be worn at all times when condenser, heater, or boiler tubes are being cleaned.
(2) Where it is necessary for employees to work near tube ends during cleaning, shielding shall be installed at the tube ends.
(c) Chemical Cleaning of Boilers and Pressure Vessels. The following requirements apply to chemical cleaning of boilers and pressure vessels:
(1) Areas where chemical cleaning is in progress shall be cordoned off to restrict access during cleaning. If flammable liquids, gases, or vapors or combustible materials will be used or might be produced during the cleaning process, the following requirements also apply:
(A) The area shall be posted with signs restricting entry and warning of the hazards of fire and explosion; and
(B) Smoking, welding, and other possible ignition sources are prohibited in these restricted areas.
(2) The number of personnel in the restricted area shall be limited to those necessary to accomplish the task safely.
(d) Boilers.
(1) Before internal furnace or ash hopper repair work is started overhead areas shall be inspected for possible falling objects. If the hazard of falling objects exists, overhead protection such as planking or nets shall be provided.
(2) When opening an operating boiler door, employees shall stand clear of the opening of the door to avoid the heat blast and gases which may escape from the boiler.
(e) Chlorine Systems.
(1) Chlorine system enclosures shall be posted with signs restricting entry and warning of the hazard to health and the hazards of fire and explosion.
(2) Only qualified employees may enter the restricted area. Additionally, the number of personnel shall be limited to those necessary to accomplish the task safely.
(3) Emergency repair kits shall be available near the shelter or enclosure to allow for the prompt repair of leaks in chlorine lines, equipment, or containers.
(4) Before repair procedures are started, chlorine tanks, pipes, and equipment shall be purged with dry air and isolated from other sources of chlorine.
(5) The employer shall ensure that chlorine is not mixed with materials that would react with the chlorine in a dangerously exothermic or other hazardous manner.
(f) Turbine Generators.
(1) Smoking and other ignition sources are prohibited near hydrogen or hydrogen sealing systems, and signs warning of the danger of explosion and fire shall be posted.
(2) Excessive hydrogen makeup or abnormal loss of pressure shall be considered as an emergency and shall be corrected immediately.
(3) A sufficient quantity of inert gas shall be available to purge the hydrogen from the largest generator.
(g) Coal and Ash Handling.
(1) Only designated persons shall operate railroad equipment.
(2) Before a locomotive or locomotive crane is moved, a warning shall be given to employees in the area.
(3) Employees engaged in switching or dumping cars shall not use their feet to line up drawheads.
(4) Drawheads and knuckles shall not be shifted while locomotives or cars are in motion.
(5) When a railroad car is stopped for unloading, the car shall be secured from displacement that could endanger employees.
(6) An emergency means of stopping dump operations shall be provided at railcar dumps.
(7) The employer shall ensure that employees who work in coal- or ash handling conveyor areas are trained and knowledgeable in conveyor operation and in the requirements of subsections (g)(8) through (g)(12) of this section.
(8) Employees shall not ride a coal or ash-handling conveyor belt at any time. Employees shall not cross over the conveyor belt, except at walkways, unless the conveyor's energy source has been deenergized and has been locked out or tagged in accordance with Section 2940.13.
(9) A conveyor that could cause injury when started shall not be started until personnel in the area are alerted by a signal or by a designated person that the conveyor is about to start.
(10) If a conveyor that could cause injury when started is automatically controlled or is controlled from a remote location, an audible device shall be provided that sounds an alarm that will be recognized by each employee as a warning that the conveyor will start and that can be clearly heard at all points along the conveyor where personnel may be present. The warning device shall be actuated by the device starting the conveyor and shall continue for a period of time before the conveyor starts that is long enough to allow employees to move clear of the conveyor system. A visual warning may be used in place of the audible device if the employer can demonstrate that it will provide an equally effective warning in the particular circumstances involved. However if the employer can demonstrate that the system's function would be seriously hindered by the required time delay, warning signs may be provided in place of the audible warning device. If the system was installed before January 31, 1995, warning signs may be provided in place of the audible warning device until such time as the conveyor or its control system is rebuilt or rewired. These warning signs shall be clear, concise, and legible and shall indicate that conveyors and allied equipment may be started at any time, that danger exists, and that personnel shall keep clear. These warning signs shall be provided along the conveyor at areas not guarded by position or location.
(11) Remotely and automatically controlled conveyors, and conveyors that have operating stations which are not manned or which are beyond voice and visual contact from drive areas, loading areas, transfer points, and other locations on the conveyor path not guarded by location, position, or guards shall be furnished with emergency stop buttons, pull cords, limit switches, or similar emergency stop devices. However, if the employer can demonstrate that the design, function, and operation of the conveyor do not expose an employee to hazards, an emergency stop device is not required.
(A) Emergency stop devices shall be easily identifiable in the immediate vicinity of such locations.
(B) An emergency stop device shall act directly on the control of the conveyor involved and shall not depend on the stopping of any other equipment.
(C) Emergency stop devices shall be installed so that they cannot be overridden from other locations.
(12) Where coal-handling operations may produce a combustible atmosphere from fuel sources or from flammable gases or dust, sources of ignition shall be eliminated or safely controlled to prevent ignition of the combustible atmosphere.
NOTE to subsection (g)(12): Locations that are hazardous because of the presence of combustible dust are classified as Class II hazardous locations. See Section 5174.
(13) An employee shall not work on or beneath overhanging coal in coal bunkers, coal silos, or coal storage areas, unless the employee is protected from all hazards posed by shifting coal.
(14) An employee entering a bunker or silo to dislodge the contents shall wear a body harness with lifeline attached. The lifeline shall be secured to a fixed support outside the bunker and shall be attended at all times by an employee located outside the bunker or facility.
(h) Hydroplants and Equipment. Employees working on or close to water gates, valves, intakes, forebays, flumes, or other locations where increased or decreased water flow or levels may pose a significant hazard shall be warned and shall vacate such dangerous areas before water flow changes are made.
Note: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.
1. New section filed 2-27-2018; operative 4-1-2018 (Register 2018, No. 9).

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