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Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders
Group 13. Cranes and Other Hoisting Equipment
Article 94. Hydraulic Cranes and Excavators

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§4945. Purpose.

The orders in this article shall apply to hydraulic cranes and excavators of the revolving type that use hydraulic power to operate basic functions and/or front-end operating equipment. They may be mounted in a fixed location, crawler mounted or rubber tire carrier mounted, have front-end operating equipment such as lift crane, clamshell, magnet, dragline, pile driver, etc., as herein described, or any adaptations of the same which retain the basic characteristics.

EXCEPTION: Cranes having a capacity of one ton or less.

NOTE: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.


1. Amendment filed 4-16-80; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 80, No. 16).

2. Amendment filed 8-29-86; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 86, No. 39).

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