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Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders
Group 8. Points of Operation and Other Hazardous Parts of Machinery
Article 61. Compaction Equipment

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§4354. Mobile Compaction Equipment.

(a) Mobile refuse collection and compaction equipment shall meet the applicable requirements of Article 60.
(b) On rear- and side-loaders, point-of-operation protection shall be provided during the packing cycle by one of the following means:
(1) Deadman control from the initiation of the packing cycle until the packer panel clears all pinch points.
(2) A movable guard that is interlocked with the packing cycle so that it is in place before the packer panel is within 6 inches of all pinch points, and in itself does not create a shearing or crushing hazard.
(3) A control that provides an interrupted cycle. Actuation of the control shall cause the packer panel to stop not less than 6 inches or more than 16 inches from pinch points created by the movement of the packer panel. The control shall require reactivation to complete the cycle by a subsequent motion by the operator.
(4) Other means, at least as effective as those given in (1) through (3), that will effectively protect an employee from pinch points.
(c) On front loaders, all controls for operating any part of the container-lifting mechanism shall be deadman controls.
(d) Each control shall be conspicuously labeled as to its function.
(e) Operating controls shall be designed to prevent unintentional activation.
(f) Means for stopping the packer panel, ejector panel or lifting device at any point of travel shall be provided.
(g) Access covers/doors shall be secured by lockable or latchable devices.
(h) On a collection vehicle equipped with an automatic transmission, a neutral-position interlock shall be provided if a throttle is automatically advanced far enough to put the vehicle in motion when the packing cycle is actuated.
(i) Collection vehicles equipped with a secondary drive position shall be operated as follows:
(1) The speed of the vehicle shall be limited to 20 mph (32 kph) when operated from the stand-up position.
(2) Mirrors shall be adjusted to provide adequate visibility from the operator's driving position.
(3) Seatbelts shall be worn at all times while the vehicle is in transit.
(4) Occupant restraint(s), such as a door(s), locking or latching bars, safety chain(s), or strap(s) shall be installed across any truck cab opening and in use while driving at the secondary position.
(5) Only qualified operators shall be permitted to drive in the secondary position.
(j) On vehicles equipped with a work brake, the work brake feature shall not be used as the primary means of stopping the vehicle. A safety sign shall be placed within the operator(s) view, such as: “DO NOT USE WORK BRAKE INSTEAD OF SERVICE BRAKE TO STOP VEHICLE.”
Note: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.
1. New subsections (i)-(j) and new Note filed 4-30-2015; operative 7-1-2015 (Register 2015, No. 18).

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