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Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders
Group 2. Safe Practices and Personal Protection
Article 10.1. Personal Protective Clothing and Equipment for Fire Fighters
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§3410. Wildland Fire Fighting Requirements.

(a) Head Protection.

(1) Head protection shall be worn by fire fighters whenever they are exposed to head injury hazard. Head protection shall be provided for each fire fighter, and shall be maintained in a location of ready availability to the fire fighter.

(2) Emergency Pick-up Labor. Head protection shall be provided for emergency pick-up labor in a hazardous environment on wildland fires and shall consist of structural fire fighting helmets or industrial hard hats or military helmet liners. Helmets and liners shall meet ANSI Z89.1 (1969) standards, and may be either Type 1 or 2, any Class.

(3) Minimum Helmet Requirements. Configuration. The helmet shall conform to ANSI Z89.1 (1969) full brim (Type 1) Class D, or brimless with peak (Type 2) Class A, or structural fire helmets as specified in Section 3403. Provision shall be incorporated for attachment of accessories without shell penetration. Retention shall be provided by chin strap, nape strap or other equivalent means.

(4) Weight. Head protection, except the helmets specified in Section 3403, complete with suspension and headband, but exclusive of accessories, shall not weigh more than 20 ounces.

(5) Heat Resistance. When placed in a forced-air laboratory oven at a temperature of 300o F (149o C) for a period of five minutes, the helmet shell shall not undergo softening, melting, shrinking or other visible distortion.

(6) Labeling. Each helmet shall be durably and legibly labeled in a manner such that the label can be easily read without removing padding or any other permanent part, and shall include the following information:

Name or designation of manufacturer

Month and year of manufacture

Lot number

Model designation

(b) Eye Protection. Employees exposed to eye injury hazards shall be protected in accordance with the provisions of Section 3382.

(c) Thermal Protection of the Ears and Neck. Protection against burns on the ear and neck shall be provided by one or more of the following means, or other equivalent methods, when fire fighters engaged in wildland fire fighting are exposed to injurious heat and flame: flared neck shield attached to brim of helmet; hood, shroud or snood; high collar with throat strap. Fabric specified for this purpose shall be constructed and tested in accordance with the provisions of Section 3410(d) for body protection. Similar protection shall be provided emergency pick-up labor when exposed to injurious heat and flame.

(d) Body Protection.

(1) Clothing directly exposed to fire environment and subject to flame impingement shall meet the requirements of Section 3406(c).

(2) Emergency Pick-up Labor. Flame resistant protective shirts shall be provided as soon as reasonably possible. Heavy-duty work trousers of 100 percent cotton or 100 percent wool shall be considered as sufficiently flame resistant for the type of fire exposure normally experienced by this class of fire fighter and may be worn in lieu of other flame-resistant type clothing.

(e) Hand and Wrist Protection.

(1) Protective gloves shall be provided for each wildland fire fighter, properly sized and suitable to the hazards encountered in wildland fire fighting activities. Fire fighters shall wear protective gloves whenever exposed to a hazardous environment that may cause injury to the hand or wrist.

(A) Minimum Requirements. Protective gloves shall have a durable outer material of leather or treated fabric designed to withstand the effects of heat, flame or other hazards encountered in wildland fire fighting. Glove material and pattern shall allow dexterity of hand movement and sense of feel for objects. The exterior of the gloves shall be designed to be free of potential snags. Gloves shall be of the gunn cut pattern.

(2) Wrist protection fabric shall meet the requirements of Section 3406(c) and shall consist of either:

(A) Integral knit wristlets of not less than four inches in length, attached to the gloves and designed to protect the wrist area when the arms are extended upward and outward from the body; or

(B) Wristlets, of sufficient length to completely cover the wrist area under all conditions, attached to the sleeves of the outer garment.

(3) Emergency Pick-up Labor. Emergency pick-up labor exposed to hand injury hazard, and not equipped with gloves, shall be provided with gloves which meet these standards.

(f) Foot Protection.

(1) Protective footwear shall be worn by fire fighters while engaged in wildland fire fighting activities.

(2) Minimum Requirements. Protective footwear for fire fighters and emergency pick-up labor engaged in wildland fire fighting shall consist of heavy duty lace-type work boots with non-slip soles and heels, and shall provide firm ankle support. Leather tops shall be at least six inches in height measured from the bottom of the shoe heel.

(g) Fire Shelters. A fire shelter shall be provided and made immediately available for every fire fighter when engaged in fire fighting activities in wildlands as defined in these orders. The fire shelter shall meet or exceed U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Specification for Forest Fire Shelter, 5100-320D.

NOTE: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.


1. New section filed 10-4-78; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 78, No. 40).

2. Amendment of subsection (d)(1)(A) filed 9-6-79; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 79, No. 36).

3. Amendment of subsection (a)(2) filed 6-13-80; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 80, No. 24).

4. Amendment of subsections (c) and (f)(1)-(2) and repealer and new subsection (d)(1)(B) filed 9-11-80; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 80, No. 37).

5. New subsection (g) filed 1-27-82; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 82, No. 5).

6. Amendment filed 4-29-85; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 85, No. 18).

7. Amendment of subsections (e) and (e)(1)(A), new subsections (e)(2)-(e)(2)(B) and subsection renumbering filed 3-5-97; operative 4-4-97 (Register 97, No. 10).

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