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Subchapter 4. Construction Safety Orders
Article 15. Cranes and Derricks in Construction
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§ 1610.1. Scope.

(a) This Article applies to power operated equipment, when used in construction, that can hoist, lower and horizontally move a suspended load. Such equipment includes, but is not limited to: Articulating cranes (such as knuckle-boom cranes); crawler cranes; floating cranes; cranes on barges; locomotive cranes; mobile cranes (such as wheel-mounted, rough-terrain, all-terrain, commercial truck-mounted, and boom truck cranes); multi-purpose machines when configured to hoist and lower (by means of a winch or hook) and horizontally move a suspended load; industrial cranes (such as carry-deck cranes); dedicated pile drivers; service/mechanic trucks with a hoisting device; a crane on a monorail; tower cranes [such as a fixed jib, (i.e., “hammerhead boom”), luffing boom and self-erecting]; pedestal cranes; portal cranes; overhead and gantry cranes; straddle cranes; sideboom cranes; derricks; and variations of such equipment. However, items listed in subsection (c) of this section are excluded from the scope of this standard.

(b) Attachments. This Article applies to equipment included in subsection (a) when used with attachments. Such attachments, whether crane-attached or suspended include, but are not limited to: Hooks, magnets, grapples, clamshell buckets, orange peel buckets, concrete buckets, drag lines, personnel platforms, augers or drills and pile driving equipment.

(c) Exclusions. This Article does not cover:

(1) Machinery included in subsection (a) while it has been converted or adapted for a non-hoisting/lifting use. Such conversions/adaptations include, but are not limited to, power shovels, excavators and concrete pumps.

(2) Power shovels, excavators, wheel loaders, backhoes, loader backhoes, track loaders. This machinery is also excluded when used with chains, slings or other rigging to lift suspended loads.

(3) Automotive wreckers and tow trucks when used to clear wrecks and haul vehicles.

(4) Digger derricks when used for augering holes for poles carrying electric and telecommunication lines, placing and removing the poles, and for handling associated materials to be installed on or removed from the poles.

(A) Digger derricks used in work subject to the Electrical Safety Orders shall comply with Section 2940.7 of those Safety Orders.

(B) Digger derricks used in construction work for telecommunication service (as defined in the Telecommunication Safety Orders) shall comply with those Safety Orders.

(5) Machinery originally designed as vehicle-mounted aerial devices (for lifting personnel) and self-propelled elevating work platforms.

(6) Telescopic/hydraulic gantry systems.

(7) Stacker cranes.

(8) Powered industrial trucks (forklifts), except when configured to hoist and lower (by means of a winch or hook) and horizontally move a suspended load.

(9) Mechanic's truck with a hoisting device when used in activities related to equipment maintenance and repair.

(10) Machinery that hoists by using a come-a-long or chainfall.

(11) Dedicated drilling rigs.

(12) Gin poles when used for the erection of communication towers.

(13) Anchor handling or dredge related operations with a vessel or barge using an affixed A-frame.

(14) Unpowered, rolling material lifts with hand-powered winches (roustabouts).

(15) Helicopter cranes.

(d) All sections of this Article 15 apply to the equipment covered by this Article unless specified otherwise.

(e) For work covered by the High-Voltage Electrical Safety Orders, compliance with those Orders is deemed compliance with Section 1611.5 and Sections 1612.1 through 1612.4.

(f) Section 1610.5 does not apply to cranes designed for use on railroad tracks, when used on railroad tracks that are part of the general railroad system of transportation that is regulated pursuant to the Federal Railroad Administration under 49 CFR part 213, and that comply with applicable Federal Railroad Administration requirements. See Section 1610.5(f).

(g) Effective date. Cranes and derricks used in construction operations shall be subject to the provisions of General Industry Safety Orders, Group 13, until July 6, 2011. The requirements of these Construction Safety Orders, Article 15, shall become effective on July 7, 2011.

NOTE: For the relationship between these Construction Safety Order (CSO) crane and derrick standards and the General Industry Safety Orders (GISO) crane and derrick standards, see CSO Section 1502(b) and GISO Section 3202(a).

Note: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.


1. New section filed 7-7-2011; operative 7-7-2011. Exempt from OAL review pursuant to Labor Code section 142.3(a)(3) (Register 2011, No. 27).

2. Amendment of subsection (c)(14) filed 10-2-2012; operative 11-1-2012 (Register 2012, No. 40).

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