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Chapter 2. California Apprenticeship Council
Subchapter 1. Apprenticeship
Article 10. Required Apprentices On Public Works Contract
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§231. Filing of Complaints.

(a) Complaints alleging noncompliance with Labor Code Section 1777.5 may be filed with the Chief by any person. Such complaints shall contain the following:

(1) The full name and address of the party filing the complaint.

(2) The full name and address of the party(s) against whom the complaint is made (hereinafter referred to as the “respondent”).

(3) The name and address of the general contractor if the party against whom the complaint is filed is a subcontractor.

(4) The full name and address of the public work awarding body.

(5) The location (address or geographic location) of the public work site.

(6) A clear and concise statement of the facts constituting the basis for the complaint, date(s) of the alleged violation(s) and where appropriate, substantiation that respondent has: (A) failed to provide the applicable Apprenticeship Committee with notice of contract award information; and/or (B) failed to comply with the required apprentice to journeyman ratio; and/or (C) failed to properly employ apprentice(s) by assigning apprentice(s) to perform work outside the craft or trade of the apprenticeable occupation; and/or (D) failed to make required contributions to the Council or to the applicable apprenticeship program; and/or (E) failed to provide the applicable Apprenticeship Committee with a verified statement of the journeyman and apprentice hours performed on the contract; and/or (F) otherwise violated Labor Code Section 1777.5.

(7) The apprenticeable occupation.

(8) A declaration by the person signing the complaint under penalty of perjury that its contents are true and correct to the best of his/her knowledge and belief.

(9) The signature of the person filing the complaint, or in the case of an organization, an authorized officer or agent.

(10) Proof of Service of the complaint on the respondent, and in the case of a respondent subcontractor also on the general and/or prime contractor, pursuant to the provisions of Section 229.

(b) The Chief shall investigate complaints and provide written notice to the complaining party, if any, and the respondent of the determination. Whether or not there is a complaint, the Chief shall conduct an investigation before making a determination that a violation has occurred.

(c) The filing of a complaint is not a prerequisite to the initiation of an investigation by the Chief or to a determination by the Chief that a violation has occurred.

(d) Before issuing a determination that a violation has occurred, the Chief shall provide the affected contractor(s) with written notice of the allegations and a reasonable opportunity to respond.

(e) The Chief, on his/her own initiative, may issue a non-willful Notice when there is cause to believe that there has been a non-willful violation of Labor Code Section 1777.5. Such Notice shall be filed within six (6) months from the date of the alleged violation and shall contain the information required in subpart (b) of this section, but need not be under penalty of perjury. The Chief shall serve notice of a determination of a civil penalty or debarment on the affected contractor(s). The notice shall set forth the procedure set forth in Labor Code section 1777.7(c) for obtaining review of the Chief's decision. For purposes of commencing a period of debarment, the date of the determination of noncompliance by the Chief shall be the first date on which the Chief's decision is no longer subject to review.

(f) Nothing in this subchapter shall prevent the Chief from entering into a settlement with the affected contractor, either before or after a notice of a determination.

(g) If the Chief determines that a contractor has failed to submit contract award information and/or a verified statement of the journeyman and apprentice hours performed, the contractor shall use certified mail as the means of making subsequent submissions and maintain U.S. Postal Service return receipts as proof of mailing. The certified mail requirement shall end after two years from the notice of the determination.

(h) For purposes of Labor Code Section 1777.7, a contractor knowingly violates Labor Code Section 1777.5 if the contractor knew or should have known of the requirements of that Section and fails to comply, unless the failure to comply was due to circumstances beyond the contractor's control. There is an irrebuttable presumption that a contractor knew or should have known of the requirements of Section 1777.5 if the contractor had previously been found to have violated that Section, or the contract and/or bid documents notified the contractor of the obligation to comply with Labor Code provisions applicable to public works projects, or the contractor had previously employed apprentices on a public works project.


Authority cited: Section 1777.7, Labor Code. Reference: Sections 1770, 1773, 1777.5 and 1777.7, Labor Code.


1. New section filed 4-9-90 as an emergency; operative 4-9-90 (Register 90, No. 17). A Certificate of Compliance must be transmitted to OAL within 120 days or emergency language will be repealed on 8-7-90.

2. Repealed by operation of Government Code section 11346.1(g) 120 days from effective date (Register 91, No. 47).

3. New section filed 4-10-92; operative 5-11-92 (Register 92, No. 21).

4. Amendment of section heading, section and Note filed 1-17-2002; operative 2-16-2002 (Register 2002, No. 3).

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