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Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders
Group 16. Control of Hazardous Substances
Article 109. Hazardous Substances and Processes
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§5164. Storage of Hazardous Substances.

(a) Substances which, when mixed, react violently, or evolve toxic vapors or gases, or which in combination become hazardous by reason of toxicity, oxidizing power, flammability, explosibility, or other properties, shall be evaluated for compatibility before storing. Incompatible substances shall be separated from each other in storage by distance, or by partitions, dikes, berms, secondary containment or otherwise, so as to preclude accidental contact between them.

Note: Some typical examples of such incompatible substances are: Mineral acids and oxidizing agents; mineral acids and cyanides; oxidizing agents and combustible materials; acids and alkalis.

(b) Hazardous substances shall be stored in containers, such as those approved by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), which are chemically inert to and appropriate for the type and quantity of the hazardous substance.

(c) Containers of hazardous substances shall not be stored in such locations or manner as to result in physical damage to, or deterioration of, the container. Containers shall not be stored where they are exposed to heat sufficient to rupture the containers or to cause leakage.

(d) Containers used to package a substance which gives off toxic, poisonous, corrosive, asphyxiant, suffocant, or anesthetic fumes, gases, or vapors in hazardous amounts (e.g., fuming sulfuric acid, hydrofluoric acid, nitrous oxide, chlorine, or other compressed or liquefied toxic gases) shall not be stored locations where it could be reasonably anticipated that employees would be exposed. This requirement shall not apply to small quantities of such materials kept in closed containers, or to tank cars or trucks.


Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.


1. Amendment filed 12-10-87; operative 1-9-88 (Register 87, No. 51).

2. Amendment filed 5-29-2003; operative 6-28-2003 (Register 2003, No. 22


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