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Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders
Group 4. General Mobile Equipment and Auxiliaries
Article 25. Industrial Trucks, Tractors, Haulage Vehicles, and Earthmoving Equipment

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§3649. Definitions.

Agricultural Tractor. A wheel type vehicle, or track vehicle, of more than 20 engine horsepower, designed to furnish the power to pull, carry, propel, or drive implements that are designed for agriculture. All self-propelled implements are excluded.
Approved Truck or Industrial Truck. A truck that is listed or approved for fire safety purposes for the intended use by a nationally recognized testing laboratory using nationally recognized testing standards.
ASAE. American Society of Agricultural Engineers.
Canopy Guard (Overhead Guard). An overhead protection or shield which covers the machine operator in a manner that will minimize the possibility of injury from falling objects.
Crawler (Track-Type) Tractor. A tractor having two continuous, parallel crawler belts, consisting of a series of tread shoes or links, encompassing rollers and drive tumblers, supporting a base frame which houses the propelling mechanism.
High-Lift Truck. An industrial truck equipped with a power-operated lifting device used for the transportation, tiering and positioning of loads. As used in this definition, high-lift trucks include riderless high-lift straddle trucks where the employee operates the truck using a moveable steering arm and control handle while standing or walking behind the truck. (Excluded are front-end loaders defined in Section 3666 and tiering conveyors as defined in Article 32.)
Industrial Tow Tractor. A powered industrial vehicle designed primarily to tow nonpowered trucks, trailers, or other mobile loads on roadways or improved surfaces.
Industrial Tractor. A wheel or track-type vehicle of more than 20 engine horsepower used in operations such as landscaping, construction services, loading, digging, grounds keeping, and highway maintenance.
Industrial Truck. A mobile power-driven truck used for hauling, pushing, lifting, or tiering materials where normal work is normally confined within the boundaries of a place of employment. As used in this definition, industrial trucks include unmanned automated or semi-automated transport vehicles which utilize wheels and run on guide rails or narrow gauge rail tracks and can be operated by either remote control (i.e. a hand held pendant) or radio communication.
Load Backrest Extension. A device (permanently affixed or removable) extending vertically from the fork carriage frame.
Low Profile Tractor. An agricultural tractor possessing all of the following characteristics:
(A) The front wheel spacing is substantially equal to the rear wheel spacing, as measured from the inside of each right wheel to the inside of the corresponding left wheel.
(B) The clearance from the bottom of the tractor chassis to the ground does not exceed 18 inches (45.7 cm).
(C) The highest point of the hood does not exceed 60 inches (152.4 cm).
(D) The tractor is designed so that the seated operator straddles the transmission or is in another position within the same height limitation.
Rider Truck. An industrial truck that is designed to be controlled by a riding operator.
ROPS. Rollover protective structure (including protective frames and protective enclosures).
SAE. Society of Automotive Engineers.
Self-Propelled Implement. A self-propelled machine on which the implement is an integral part, such as, but not limited to, grain and bean combines, beet harvesters, corn and cotton pickers, hay balers and sprayers.
Note: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.
1. Renumbering from Section 6350 and amendment filed 2-13-75; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 75, No. 7).
2. Amendment and deletion of numerical designation filed 12-3-75; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 75, No. 49).
3. Amendment filed 7-26-78; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 78, No. 30).
4. Amendment filed 4-30-85; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 85, No. 18).
5. Amendment filed 2-15-90; operative 3-17-90 (Register 90, No. 8).
6. Amendment of “Industrial Truck” definition filed 1-2-96; operative 2-1-96 (Register 96, No. 1).
7. Amendment of definition of “High-Lift-Truck” filed 5-28-98; operative 6-27-98 (Register 98, No. 22).
8. Amendment of definition of “Low Profile Tractor” filed 6-20-2005; operative 7-20-2005 (Register 2005, No. 25).
9. Amendment of definition of “Agricultural Tractor” filed 8-4-2008; operative 9-3-2008 (Register 2008, No. 32).

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