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Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders
Group 1. General Physical Conditions and Structures Orders
Article 2. Standard Specifications

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§3233. Industrial Ramps.

(a) Ramps used for industrial purposes only shall conform to the provisions of this section. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(j)(1).)

(b) Ramps shall be not less than two feet wider than the widest vehicle using the ramp. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(j)(2).)

(c) The slope of a ramp shall not exceed 1 vertical to 8 horizontal.

EXCEPTION: The slope of ramps used by powered industrial trucks only shall not exceed 1 vertical to 3 horizontal. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(j)(3).)

(d) Ramps having slopes exceeding 1 vertical to 15 horizontal shall have handrails or stair rails as required for stairways, except that intermediate stair rails shall not be required. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(j)(4).)

(e) Ramps more than 30 inches above the adjacent ground or floor shall be provided with guardrails as required in Section 3210 and handrails as required in (d) above. Such guardrails shall be continuous from the top of the ramp to the bottom of the ramp.

EXCEPTION: Guardrails or stair rails will not be required on ramps used only by powered industrial trucks. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(j)(5).)

(f) Industrial ramps shall have a curb or equivalent installed along the open side or sides, the curb shall not be less than 8 inches in height and shall be so designed as to prevent the truck wheel from running off of the ramp. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(j)(6).)

(g) The surface of ramps shall be roughened or shall be of nonslip materials. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(j)(7).)

(h) Ramps shall be maintained reasonably clear and in good repair.

NOTE: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code; and Section 18943(c), Health and Safety Code.


1. New section filed 6-20-75; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 75, No. 25).

2. Amendment filed 7-16-76; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 76, No. 29).

3. Amendment filed 5-25-83; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 83, No. 22). Approved by State Building Standards Commission 1-24-83.

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