This information is provided free of charge by the Department of Industrial Relations from its web site at These regulations are for the convenience of the user and no representation or warranty is made that the information is current or accurate. See full disclaimer at

Subchapter 4. Construction Safety Orders
Article 36. Fire Protection and Prevention

Return to index
New query

§1936. Service and Refueling Areas.

(a) Flammable liquids shall be stored in approved closed containers, in approved tanks located underground, or in approved aboveground portable tanks.
(b) Dispensing devices for Category 1 or 2 flammable liquids, or Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100oF (37.8oC) shall be of approved type. The dispensing nozzle shall be of an approved automatic-closing type without a latch-open device.
(c) Underground tanks taken out of service shall be safeguarded or disposed of by any one of the three following means:
(1) Placed in a “temporarily out of service” condition. Tanks should be rendered “temporarily out of service” only when it is planned that they will be returned to active service within a reasonable period or pending removal or abandonment within 90 days.
(2) Abandoned in place with proper safeguarding to render them inactive to explosion and/or collapse.
(3) Removed.
(d) For emergency power cutoff, a clearly identified and easily accessible switch(es) or circuit breaker(s) shall be provided at a location remote from dispensing devices, including remote pumping systems, to shut off the power to all dispensing devices in the event of an emergency.
(e) Heating equipment of an approved type may be installed in the lubrication or service area where there is no dispensing or transferring of Category 1 or 2 flammable liquids or Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100oF (37.8oC) provided the bottom of the heating unit is at least 18 inches above the floor and the heating equipment is protected from physical damage.
(f) Heating equipment installed in lubrication or service areas, where Category 1 or 2 flammable liquids, or Category 3 flammable liquids with a flashpoint below 100oF (37.8oC) are dispensed, shall be of an approved type for garages, and shall be installed at least 8 feet above the floor.
(g) Smoking or open flames shall not be permitted in the areas used for fueling, servicing fuel systems for internal combustion engines, receiving or dispensing of flammable liquids. Conspicuous and legible signs prohibiting smoking shall be posted within sight of the person being served. The motors of all equipment being fueled shall be shut off during the fueling operation except for emergency generators, pumps, etc., where continuing operation is essential.
(h) Each service or fueling area shall be provided with at least one fire extinguisher having a rating of not less than 20-B:C located so that an extinguisher will be within 75 feet of each pump, dispenser, underground fill pipe opening, and lubrication or service area.
Note: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.
1. Amendment of subsection (a) filed 10-9-86; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 86, No. 43).
2. Amendment of subsections (a), (b), (e) and (f) filed 5-5-2014; operative 5-6-2014 pursuant to Government Code section 11343.4(b)(3) (Register 2014, No. 19).

Go BackGo Back to Article 36 Table of Contents