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Chapter 4.5. Division of Workers' Compensation
Subchapter 1. Administrative Director--Administrative Rules
Article 5.6. Medical-Legal Expenses and Comprehensive Medical-Legal Evaluations
§9794. Reimbursement of Medical-Legal Expenses.
(a) The cost of comprehensive, follow-up and supplemental medical-legal evaluation reports, diagnostic tests, and medical-legal testimony, regardless of whether incurred on behalf of the employee or claims administrator, shall be billed and reimbursed as follows:
(1) X-rays, laboratory services and other diagnostic tests shall be billed and reimbursed in accordance with the official medical fee schedule adopted pursuant to Labor Code Section 5307.1. In no event shall the claims administrator be liable for the cost of any diagnostic test provided in connection with a comprehensive medical-legal evaluation report unless the subjective complaints and physical findings that warrant the necessity for the test are included in the medical-legal evaluation report. Additionally, the claims administrator shall not be liable for the cost of diagnostic tests, absent prior authorization by the claims administrator, if adequate medical information is already in the medical record provided to the physician.
(2) The cost of comprehensive, follow-up and supplemental medical-legal evaluations, and medical-legal testimony shall be billed and reimbursed in accordance with the schedule set forth in Section 9795.
(b) All medical-legal expenses shall be paid within 60 days after receipt by the employer of the reports and documents required by the administrative director unless the claims administrator, within this period, contests its liability for such payment.
(c) A claims administrator who contests all or any part of a bill for medical-legal expense, or who contests a bill on the basis that the expense does not constitute a medical-legal expense, shall pay any uncontested amount and notify the physician or other provider of the objection within sixty days after receipt of the reports and documents required by the administrative director using an explanation of review. Any notice of objection shall include or be accompanied by all of the following:
(1) An explanation of review shall indicate the basis for the objection to each contested procedure and charge. The original procedure codes used by the physician or other provider shall not be altered. If the objection is based on appropriate coding of a procedure, the explanation of review shall include both the code reported by the provider and the code believed reasonable by the claims administrator, and shall include the claim's administrator's rationale as to why its code more accurately reflects the service provided.
(2) If additional information is necessary as a prerequisite to payment of the contested bill or portions thereof, a clear description of the information required.
(3) The name, address, and telephone number of the person or office to contact for additional information concerning the objection.
(4) A statement pursuant to Labor Code section 4622(b)(1) that the physician may seek a second review by the claims administrator of the reduction of billing of the medical-legal expense. The statement shall also state the request for second review by the physician and completion of the second review process of the medical-legal expense by the claims administrator is a prerequisite to seeking independent bill review provided in Labor Code section 4603.6. If the provider does not seek a second review and the only issue in dispute is the amount of payment, the bill shall be deemed satisfied and neither the employer nor the employee shall be liable for any additional payment.
(5) If after completion of the second review process under Labor Code section 4622 (b)(1) the physician still contests the amount paid for the medical-legal expense, the physician shall only contest the amount to be paid by requesting independent bill review as provided in Labor Code section 4603.6.
A form objection which does not identify the specific deficiencies of the report in question shall not satisfy the requirements of this subdivision.
(d) If the claims administrator denies liability for the medical-legal expense in whole or in part, for any reasons other than the amount to be paid pursuant to the fee schedule set forth in section 9795, the denial shall set forth the legal, medical, or factual basis for the decision in the explanation of review which shall also contain the following statements:
(1) The physician may object to the denial of the medical-legal expense issued under this subdivision by notifying the claims administrator in writing of their objection within ninety (90) days of the service of the explanation of review; and
(2) If the physician does not file a written objection with the claims administrator challenging the denial of the medical-legal expense issued under this subdivision, neither the employer nor the employee shall be liable for the amount of the expense that was denied.
(e) If the claims administrator receives a written objection to the denial of the medical-legal expense under subdivision (d) within ninety (90) days of the service of the explanation of review, the claims administrator shall file a petition to review of the denial of medical-legal expense and a declaration of readiness to proceed pursuant to section 10228 et. seq., of title 8 of the California Code of Regulation.
(f) All reports and documents required by the administrative director shall be included in or attached to the medical-legal report when it is filed and served on the parties pursuant to Section 10608 or served on the parties pursuant to Section 4061 or 4062 of the Labor Code.
(g) Physicians shall keep and maintain for three years, and shall make available to the administrative director by date of examination upon request, copies of all billings for medical-legal expense.
(h) A physician may not charge, nor be paid, any fees for services in violation of Section 139.3 of the Labor Code or subdivision (d) of Section 5307.6 of the Labor Code;
(i) Claims administrator shall retain, for three years, the following information for each comprehensive medical evaluation for which the claims administrator is billed:
(1) name and specialty of medical evaluator;
(2) name of the employee evaluated;
(3) date of examination;
(4) the amount billed for the evaluation;
(5) the date of the bill;
(6) the amount paid for the evaluation, including any penalties and interest;
(7) the date payment was made.
This information may be stored in paper or electronic form and shall be made available to the administrative director upon request. This information shall also be made available, upon request, to any party to a case, where the requested information pertains to an evaluation obtained in the case.
Note: Authority cited: Sections 133, 4622, 4627, 5307.3 and 5307.6, Labor Code. Reference: Sections 4620, 4621, 4622, 4625, 4626, 4628 and 5307.6, Labor Code.
1. Repealer and new section filed 8-3-93; operative 8-3-93. Submitted to OAL for printing only pursuant to Government Code section 11351 (Register 93, No. 32).
2. Amendment of subsections (a)-(c)(1) and (e), and new subsections (f)-(h) filed 12-31-93; operative 1-1-94. Submitted to OAL for printing only pursuant to Government Code section 11351 (Register 93, No. 53).
3. Repealer of subsection (h) filed 2-14-96; operative 2-14-96. Submitted to OAL for printing only pursuant to Government Code section 11351 (Register 96, No. 7).
4. Editorial correction of subsection (a) (Register 2001, No. 22).
5. Amendment of subsections (c) and (c)(1), repealer and new subsection (c)(4), new subsections (c)(5) and (d)-(e), subsection relettering and amendment of Note filed 12-31-2012 as an emergency; operative 1-1-2013 pursuant to Government Code section 11346.1(d) (Register 2013, No. 1). A Certificate of Compliance must be transmitted to OAL by 7-1-2013 or emergency language will be repealed by operation of law on the following day.
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