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Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders
Group 15. Occupational Noise
Article 105. Control of Noise Exposure

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Appendix D

Acoustic Calibration of Audiometers

I. Audiometer calibration shall be checked acoustically, at least annually, according to the procedures described in this Appendix. The equipment necessary to perform these measurements is a sound level meter, octave-band filter set, and a National Bureau of Standards 9A coupler. In making these measurements, the accuracy of the calibrating equipment shall be sufficient to determine that the audiometer is within the tolerances permitted by ANSI S3.6-1969.

(a) Sound Pressure Output Check.

(1) Place the earphone coupler over the microphone of the sound level meter and place the earphone on the coupler.

(2) Set the audiometer's hearing threshold level (HTL) dial to 70 dB.

(3) Measure the sound pressure level of the tones at each test frequency from 500 Hz through 6000 Hz for each earphone.

(4) At each frequency the readout on the sound level meter should correspond to the levels in Table D-1 or Table D-2, as appropriate, for the type of earphone, in the column entitled "sound level meter reading."

(b) Linearity Check.

(1) With the earphone in place, set the frequency to 1000 Hz and the HTL dial on the audiometer to 70 dB.

(2) Measure the sound levels in the coupler at each 10dB decrement from 70 dB to 10 dB, noting the sound level meter reading at each setting.

(3) For each 10-dB decrement on the audiometer, the sound level meter should indicate a corresponding 10 dB decrease.

(4) This measurement may be made electrically with a voltmeter connected to the earphone terminals.

(c) Tolerances.

When any of the measured sound levels deviate from the levels in Table D-1 or Table D-2 by 3 dB at any test frequency between 500 and 3000 Hz, 4 dB at 4000 Hz, or 5 dB at 6000 Hz, an exhaustive calibration is advised. An exhaustive calibration is required if the deviations are 15 dB or greater at any test frequency.


                          Table D-2 

 Reference Threshold Levels for Telephonics TDH-39 Earphones 

                 Reference Threshold           Sound Level
                   Level for TDH-39           Meter Reading,
Frequency,         Hz Earphones, dB                 dB         
500.................... 11.5                       81.5
1000.................... 7                          77
2000.................... 9                          79
3000.................... 10                         80
4000................... 9.5                        79.5
6000................... 15.5                       85.5

                           Table D-2 

 Reference Threshold Levels for Telephonics-TDH-49 Earphones

                 Reference Threshold           Sound Level
                  Level for TDH-49             Meter Reading,
Frequency,        Hz Earphones, dB                  dB        
500.................... 13.5                       83.5
1000................... 7.5                        77.5
2000.................... 11                        81.0
3000................... 9.5                        79.5
4000................... 10.5                       80.5
6000................... 13.5                       83.5

NOTE: Authority and reference cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code.

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