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Subchapter 18. Ship Building, Ship Repairing and Ship Breaking Safety Orders
Article 6. Precautions

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§8384. Tools and Equipment.

(a) General.

(1) Hand lines, slings and tackles of adequate strength, or carriers such as tools bags with shoulder straps shall be provided and used to handle tools, materials, and equipment so that employees will have their hands free when using ships ladders and access ladders. The use of hose or electric cords for this purpose is prohibited.

(2) When air tools of the reciprocating type are not in use the dies and tools shall be removed.

(3) Devices used in fairing or evening plates at joints - and known as “fish tails,” “jack clamps,” or “flanging jacks” - when used in a vertical plane or at such an angle that there is a falling hazard, shall be secured by suitable means so that the device can not fall should it become loosened.

(b) Electric Power Tools.

(1) The employer shall notify the officer in charge of the vessel before using electric power tools operated with the vessel's current.

(2) Grounding circuits, other than by means of the structure of the vessel on which tightness immediately upon starting the engine, and any leaks shall be corrected at once.

(c) Internal Combustion Engines, Other Than Ship's Equipment.

(1) When internal combustion engines are used below decks, except on mobile equipment, the exhaust gases shall be piped to the outside atmosphere, clear of any ventilation intakes or openings, through which they might re-enter the vessel.

(2) All exhaust line joints and connections shall be checked for tightness immediately upon starting the engine, and any leaks shall be corrected at once.

(3) When internal combustion engines on vehicles, such as forklifts and mobile cranes, exhaust into the atmosphere below decks, the competent person shall monitor the carbon monoxide content of the atmosphere to ensure that dangerous concentrations do not develop. Employees shall be removed from the compartment involved when the carbon monoxide concentration exceeds 50 parts per million (0.005%). Blowers sufficient in size and number shall be used, so arranged as to maintain the concentration below this allowable limit before work is resumed.

(d) Heat lamps. The employer shall ensure that each heat lamp, including the face, is equipped with surround type guards to prevent contact with the lamp and bulb.

Note: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.


1. Amendment filed 10-31-75; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 75, No. 44).

2. Amendment filed 1-22-88; operative 2-21-88 (Register 88, No. 6).

3. Repealer and new subsection (d) filed 12-13-2011; operative 12-13-2011. Submitted to OAL for printing only pursuant to Labor Code section 142.3(a)(3) (Register 2011, No. 50).

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