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Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders
Group 16. Control of Hazardous Substances
Article 109. Hazardous Substances and Processes

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§5190. Cotton Dust, Appendix E

Vertical Elutriator Equivalency Protocol

a. Samples to be taken--In order to ascertain equivalency, it is necessary to collect a total of 100 samples from at least 10 sites in a mill. That is, there should be 10 replicate readings at each of 10 sites. The sites should represent dust levels which vary over the allowable range of 0.5 to 2 times the permissible exposure limit. Each sample requires the use of two vertical elutriators (VE's) and at least one but not more than two alternative devices (AD's). Thus, the end result is 200 VE readings and either 100 or 200 AD readings. The 2 VE readings and the 1 or 2 AD readings at each time and site must be made simultaneously. That is, the two VE's and one or two AD's must be arranged together in such a way that they are measuring essentially the same dust levels.

b. Data averaging--The two VE readings taken at each site are then averaged. These averages are to be used as the 100 VE readings. If two alternate devices were used their test results are also averaged. Thus, after this step is accomplished, there will be 100 VE readings and 100 AD readings.

c. Differences--For each of the 100 sets of measurements (VE and AD) the difference is obtained as the average VE reading minus the AD reading. Call these differences Di. Thus, we have;

Di = VEi - ADi i = 1,2...,100 (1)

Next we compute the arithmetic mean and standard deviations of the differences, using equations (2)

respectively where N equals the number od differences (100 in this case), Xd

is the arithmetic mean and Sd is the standard deviation.

We next calculate the critical value as T= KSp + [Xd} were K =1.87 based

on 100 samples.

d. Equivalency test. The next step is to obtain the average of the 100 Ve

readings. This is obtained by equation (4)

NOTE: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.

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