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Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders
Group 1. General Physical Conditions and Structures Orders
Article 4. Access, Work Space, and Work Areas
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§3278. Use of Fixed Ladders.

(a) Employees shall:

(1) be prohibited from carrying equipment or materials which prevent the safe use of ladders;

(2) be required to face the ladder when ascending and descending;

(3) always use both hands when climbing up or down the ladder; and

(4) be prohibited from using single-rail ladders.

(b) As used in this section, “single-rail ladders” means a ladder with rungs, cleats, or steps mounted on a single-rail instead of the normal two rails used on most other ladders.

Note: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.


1. Amendment filed 7-17-75; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 75, No. 29).

2. Amendment filed 1-17-80; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 80, No. 3).

3. Amendment filed 12-12-84; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 84, No. 50).

4. Amendment filed 2-26-85; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 85, No. 9).

5. Amendment of subsection (e)(12) filed 7-8-85; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 85, No. 28).

6. Amendment of subsection (e) filed 12-11-90; operative 1-10-91 (Register 91, No. 3).

7. New subsection (e)(21) filed 10-20-94; operative 11-21-94 (Register 94, No. 42).

8. Repealer of subsection (e)(16) and subsection renumbering filed 6-16-98; operative 7-16-98 (Register 98, No. 25).

9. Amendment of first paragraph filed 3-19-99; operative 4-18-99 (Register 99, No. 12).

10. Renumbering of former section 3278 to section 3276 and renumbering and amendment of former section 3276 to new section 3278 filed 12-8-2010; operative 1-7-2011 (Register 2010, No. 50).

11. New subsection (b) filed 2-8-2012; operative 3-9-2012 (Register 2012, No. 6).

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