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Subchapter 7. General Industry Safety Orders
Group 1. General Physical Conditions and Structures Orders
Article 2. Standard Specifications
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§3232. Ramps.

(a) General. Any path of travel shall be considered a ramp if its slope is greater than 1 foot rise in 20 feet of horizontal run. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(a) without "Note.")

(b) Width. The width of ramps shall be as required for exits.

EXCEPTION: Existing ramps may have width as required for stairways.

(Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(b)(1).)

(c) Slope. The maximum slope of a ramp that serves any exitway, provides handicap access or is in the path of travel shall be 1 foot rise in 12 feet of horizontal run.

EXCEPTION: The slope of an existing ramp shall not exceed 1 foot rise to 8 feet horizontal run.

(d) Landings. Ramps having slopes greater than one vertical to 15 horizontal shall have landings at the top and bottom and at least one intermediate landing shall be provided for each 5 feet of rise. Top landings and intermediate landings shall have a dimension measured in the direction of ramp run of not less than 5 feet. Landings at the bottom of ramps shall have a dimension in the direction of ramp run of not less than 6 feet.

(Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(c).)

(e) Doors. Doors in any position shall not reduce the minimum dimension of the landing to less than 42 inches and shall not reduce the required width by more than 3 1/2 inches when fully open.

(Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(d)(1)(C)(1).)

(f) Handrails. Ramps having slopes exceeding one vertical to 15 horizontal shall have handrails or stair rails as required for stairways, except that intermediate stair rails shall not be required. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(e).)

(g) Guardrails. Ramps more than 30 inches above the adjacent ground or floor shall be provided with guardrails as required in Section 3210 and handrails as required in (f) above. Such guardrails shall be continuous from top of the ramp to the bottom of the ramp. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(i).)

(h) Surface. The surface of ramps shall be roughened or shall be of nonslip materials. (Title 24, Part 2, Section 2-3306(g).)

(i) Maintenance. Ramps shall be maintained reasonably clear and in good repair.

NOTE: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code; and Section 18943(c), Health and Safety Code.


1. New section filed 6-20-75; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 75, No. 25).

2. Amendment filed 7-16-76; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 76, No. 29).

3. Amendment of subsection (g) filed 12-23-77; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 77, No. 52).

4. Amendment filed 5-25-83; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 83, No. 22). Approved by State Building Standards Commission 1-24-83.

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