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Subchapter 4. Construction Safety Orders
Article 15. Cranes and Derricks in Construction
§ 1610.8. Equipment with a Rated Hoisting/Lifting Capacity of 2,000 Pounds or Less.
The following subsections specify requirements for employers using equipment with a maximum rated hoisting/lifting capacity of 2,000 pounds or less.
(a) The employer using this equipment shall comply with the following provisions of this Article 15: Section 1610.1 (Scope); Section 1610.3 (Definitions); Section 1610.5 (Ground conditions); Section 1611.1 (Assembly/disassembly - selection of manufacturer or employer procedures); Section 1611.4 (Assembly/disassembly - employer procedures); Section 1611.5 and Sections 1612.1 through 1612.4 (Power line safety); Section 1613.3 (Post-assembly); Section 1613.10 (Wire Rope Inspection); Section 1614 (Wire Rope Selection); Section 1616.2 (Authority to stop operation); Sections 1617.1 through 1617.3 (Signals); Section 1610.7 (Fall protection); Section 1616.4 (Keeping clear of the load) [except for Section 1616.4(c)(2) (qualified rigger)]; Section 1616.5 (Free fall and controlled load lowering); Section 1616.7 (Multiple Crane/Derrick Lifts - supplemental requirements); Section 1610.6 (Equipment Modifications); Section 1619.1 (Tower cranes); Section 1619.2 (Derricks); Section 1619.3 (Floating cranes/derricks and land cranes/derricks on barges); Section 1619.4 (Overhead & gantry cranes).
(1) In addition to compliance with Section 1611.1 (Assembly/disassembly - selection of manufacturer or employer procedures) and Section 1611.4 (Assembly/disassembly - employer procedures), the employer shall also comply with Section 1610.8(b)(2)-(3).
(2) Components and configuration.
The employer shall ensure that:
(A) The selection of components, and the configuration of the equipment, that affect the capacity or safe operation of the equipment complies with either the:
1. Manufacturer instructions, recommendations, limitations, and specifications. When these documents and information are unavailable, a certified agent familiar with the type of equipment involved shall approve, in writing, the selection and configuration of components; or
2. Approved modifications that meet the requirements of Section 1610.6 (Equipment modifications).
(B) Post-Assembly Inspection. Upon completion of assembly, the equipment is inspected to ensure that it is in compliance with subsection (b)(2)(A) of this section (see Section 1613.3 for post-assembly inspection requirements).
(3) Manufacturer prohibitions. The employer shall comply with applicable manufacturer prohibitions.
(c) Operation - Procedures.
(1) The employer shall comply with all manufacturer procedures applicable to the operational functions of the equipment, including its use with attachments.
(2) Unavailable operation procedures.
The employer shall:
(A) When the manufacturer's procedures are unavailable, develop, and ensure compliance with, all procedures necessary for the safe operation of the equipment and attachments.
(B) Ensure that procedures for the operational controls are developed by a qualified person.
(C) Ensure that procedures related to the capacity of the equipment are developed and signed by a certified agent familiar with the equipment.
(3) Accessibility. The employer shall ensure that:
(A) The load chart is available to the operator at the control station;
(B) Procedures applicable to the operation of the equipment, recommended operating speeds, special hazard warnings, instructions, and operator's manual are readily available for use by the operator.
(C) When rated capacities are available at the control station only in electronic form and a failure occurs that makes the rated capacities inaccessible, the operator immediately ceases operations or follows safe shut-down procedures until the rated capacities (in electronic or other form) are available.
(d) Safety devices and operational aids.
(1) The employer shall ensure that safety devices and operational aids that are part of the original equipment are maintained in accordance with manufacturer's procedures.
(2) Anti two-blocking. The employer shall ensure that equipment covered by this section manufactured more than one year after July 7, 2011 have either an anti two-block device that meets the requirements of Section 1615.2(d)(3), or is designed so that, in the event of a two-block situation, no damage or load failure will occur (for example, by using a power unit that stalls in response to a two-block situation).
(e) Operator qualifications. The employer shall train each operator, prior to operating the equipment, on the safe operation of the type of equipment the operator will be using.
(f) Signal person qualifications. The employer shall train each signal person in the proper use of signals applicable to the use of the equipment.
(h) Inspections. The employer shall ensure that equipment is inspected in accordance with manufacturer's procedures.
(j) Hoisting personnel. The employer shall ensure that equipment covered by this section is not used to hoist personnel.
(k) Design. The employer shall ensure that the equipment is designed by a qualified engineer.
Note: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.
1. New section filed 7-7-2011; operative 7-7-2011. Exempt from OAL review pursuant to Labor Code section 142.3(a)(3) (Register 2011, No. 27).
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