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Chapter 4.5. Division of Workers' Compensation
Subchapter 1. Administrative Director--Administrative Rules
Article 5.5.1. Utilization Review Standards
§9792.10.1. Utilization Review Standards - Dispute Resolution - On or After January 1, 2013.
This section applies to any request for authorization of medical treatment, made under Article 5.5.1 of this Subchapter, for either: (1) an occupational injury or illness occurring on or after January 1, 2013; or (2) where the decision on the request is communicated to the requesting physician on or after July 1, 2013, regardless of the date of injury.
(a) For the purpose of independent medical review under sections 9792.10.1 through 9792.10.9 of this Article, the following definitions apply:
(1) “Claims Administrator” is a self-administered workers' compensation insurer of an insured employer, a self-administered self-insured employer, a self-administered legally uninsured employer, a self-administered joint powers authority, a third-party claims administrator or other entity subject to Labor Code section 4610, the California Insurance Guarantee Association, and the director of the Department of Industrial Relations as administrator for the Uninsured Employers Benefits Trust Fund (UEBTF). “Claims Administrator” includes any utilization review organization under contract to provide or conduct the claims administrator's utilization review responsibilities. Unless otherwise indicated by context, “claims administrator” also means the employer.
(2) “Disputed medical treatment” means medical treatment that has been modified, delayed, or denied by a utilization review decision.
(3) “Expedited review” means independent medical review conducted when the employee's condition is such that the employee faces an imminent and serious threat to his or her health, including, but not limited to, serious pain, the potential loss of life, limb, or other major bodily function, the immediate and serious deterioration of the health of the employee, or the normal timeframe for the decision-making process would be detrimental to the employee's life or health or could jeopardize the injured worker's permanent ability to regain maximum function.
(4) “Medically necessary” and “medical necessity” mean medical treatment that is reasonably required to cure or relieve the employee of the effects of their injury and based on the following standards, which shall be applied in the order listed, allowing reliance on a lower ranked standard only if every higher ranked standard is inapplicable to the employee's medical condition:
(A) The Medical Treatment Utilization Schedule adopted by the Administrative Director pursuant to Labor Code section 5307.27 and set forth in Article 5.5.2 of this Subchapter, beginning with section 9792.20.
(B) Peer-reviewed scientific and medical evidence regarding the effectiveness of the disputed service.
(C) Nationally recognized professional standards.
(D) Expert opinion.
(E) Generally accepted standards of medical practice.
(F) Treatments that are likely to provide a benefit to a patient for conditions for which other treatments are not clinically efficacious.
(5) “Utilization review decision” means a decision pursuant to Labor Code section 4610 to modify, delay, or deny, based in whole or in part on medical necessity to cure or relieve, a treatment recommendation or recommendations by a physician prior to, retrospectively, or concurrent with the provision of medical treatment services pursuant to Labor Code sections 4600 or 5402(c).
(b)(1) If the request for authorization of medical treatment is not approved, or if the request for authorization for medical treatment is approved in part, any dispute shall be resolved in accordance with Labor Code sections 4610.5 and 4610.6. Neither the employee nor the claims administrator shall have any liability for medical treatment furnished without the authorization of the claims administrator if the treatment is delayed, modified, or denied by a utilization review decision unless the utilization review decision is overturned by independent medical review or the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board under this Article.
(2) A request for independent medical review must be communicated by the employee, the employee's representative, or the employee's attorney by mail, facsimile, or electronic transmission to the Administrative Director, or the Administrative Director's designee, within 30 days of service of the utilization review decision. The request must be made on the Application for Independent Medical Review, DWC Form IMR, and submitted with a copy of the written decision delaying, denying, or modifying the request for authorization of medical treatment.
(A) An unrepresented employee may designate a parent, guardian, conservator, relative, or other designee of the employee as an agent to act on his or her behalf in filing an application for independent medical review under this subdivision. A designation of an agent executed prior to the utilization review decision shall not be valid.
(B) The physician whose request for authorization of medical treatment was delayed, denied, or modified may join with or otherwise assist the employee in seeking an independent medical review. The physician may submit documents on the employee's behalf pursuant to section 9792.10.5 (b) and may respond to any inquiry by the independent review organization.
(C) A provider of emergency medical treatment when the employee faced an imminent and serious threat to his or her health, including, but not limited to, the potential loss of life, limb, or other major bodily function, may submit an application for independent medical review under subdivision (b)(2) on its own behalf within 30 days of receipt of the utilization review decision that either delays, denies, or modifies the provider's retrospective request for authorization of the emergency medical treatment.
(3) If expedited review is requested for a decision eligible for independent medical review, the Application for Independent Medical Review, DWC Form IMR, shall include, unless the initial utilization review decision was made on an expedited basis, a certification from the employee's treating physician indicating that the employee faces an imminent and serious threat to his or her health as described in section 9792.10.1(a)(3).
(c)(1) If at the time of a utilization review decision the claims administrator is also disputing liability for the treatment for any reason besides medical necessity, the time for the employee to submit an application for independent medical review under subdivision (b)(2) is extended to 30 days after service of a notice to the employee showing that the other dispute of liability has been resolved.
(2) If the claims administrator fails to comply with any provision of section 9792.9(l) or section 9792.9.1(e) at the time of notification of its utilization review decision, the time limitations for the employee to submit an application for independent medical review under subdivision (b)(2) shall not begin to run until the claims administrator provides the written decision, with all required elements, to the employee.
(d) Nothing in this section precludes the parties from participating in an internal utilization review appeal process on a voluntary basis provided the employee and, if the employee is represented by counsel, the employee's attorney, have been notified of the 30-day time limit to file an objection to the utilization review decision in accordance with Labor Code sections 4610.5 and 4610.6. Any internal utilization review appeal process conducted under this subdivision must be completed within 15 days of the date of utilization review decision.
(e) The following requirements shall be met prior to a concurrent review decision to deny authorization for medical treatment and to resolve disputes:
(1) In the case of concurrent review, medical care shall not be discontinued until the requesting physician has been notified of the decision and a care plan has been agreed upon by the requesting physician that is appropriate for the medical needs of the employee. In addition, the non-physician provider of goods or services identified in the request for authorization, and for whom contact information has been included, shall be notified in writing of the decision modifying, delaying, or denying a request for authorization that shall not include the rationale, criteria or guidelines used for the decision.
(2) Medical care provided during a concurrent review shall be medical treatment that is reasonably required to cure or relieve from the effects of the industrial injury.
Note: Authority: Sections 133, 4603.5 and 5307.3, Labor Code. Reference: Sections 4062, 4600, 4600.4, 4604.5, 4610 and 4610.5, Labor Code.
1. New section filed 12-31-2012 as an emergency; operative 1-1-2013 pursuant to Government Code section 11346.1(d) (Register 2013, No. 1). A Certificate of Compliance must be transmitted to OAL by 7-1-2013 or emergency language will be repealed by operation of law on the following day.
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