TITLE 8
GENERAL INDUSTRY SAFETY ORDERS
CHAPTER 4, SUBCHAPTER 7, ARTICLE 2,
SECTIONS 3210 AND 3388, and
TITLE 24
CALIFORNIA BUILDING CODE
PART 2, SECTION 509.7
GUARDRAILS/FALL PROTECTION AT ELEVATED LOCATIONS (NON-CONSTRUCTION)


Amend Section 3210 to read:

§3210. Guardrails at Elevated Locations.

(a) Buildings. Guardrails shall be provided on all open sides of unenclosed elevated work locations, such as: roof openings, open and glazed sides of landings, balconies or porches, platforms, runways, ramps, or working levels more than 30 inches above the floor, ground, or other working areas of a building as defined in Section 3207 of the General Industry Safety Orders. Where overhead clearance prohibits installation of a 42-inch guardrail, a lower rail or rails shall be installed. The railing shall be provided with a toeboard where the platform, runway, or ramp is 6 feet or more above places where employees normally work or pass and the lack of a toeboard could create a hazard from falling tools, material, or equipment.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. Runways used exclusively for oiling, adjusting or otherwise maintaining shafting or other machinery may have the guardrail on the side adjacent to the machinery omitted provided that additional guarding as required by Group 6 Power Transmission Equipment, Prime Movers, Machines and Machine Parts is complied with.

2. Stationary elevated platforms secured to buildings or structures used exclusively for the service and maintenance of overhead bridge cranes and similar mobile equipment may be equipped with removable railings in lieu of guardrails on the side adjacent to the machinery provided such railings are secured against falling when they are not serving as a protective railing. In existing installations where clearance prohibits railings on the outside of the platform, railings will be permitted on the building side to serve as handholds.

3. Portions of loading or storage platforms which are used primarily for loading or unloading railroad cars or trucks, or at waterside edges used for cargo handling.

4. Open-sided platforms or floors used for storage of lumber or other materials may be guarded with movable single rails, sliding panels, gates or other barriers provided they are of strength and design equivalent to guardrails.

5. Open sides of storage platforms less than four feet wide, or portions thereof which are loaded and unloaded exclusively by means of stackers or lift trucks handling pallet supported loads are exempt from this requirement.

6. Glazed sides that are in compliance with Section 3242.

7. Portable platforms, portable or fixed workstands, where used in close quarters which would make the installation of guardrails impracticable, may be provided with removable or hinged railings which can be either removed or swung out of the way during such work. Toeboards may not be required on portable or fixed platforms where the nature of the work requires the employees to sit on the edge of the platform.

87. Open hearth and hot metal pouring platforms are exempt from this requirement.

98. Platforms, runways, ramps, or other working levels less than 4 feet above floor, ground, or other working level constructed prior to January 1, 1967.

109. Theatre galleries, balconies, or other such elevated seating locations, where a 42-inch railing would obstruct the sight lines, may be protected by a guardrail or other barrier of not less than 34 inches in height provided that a horizontal concave safety ledge not less than 6 inches in depth and not less than 36 inches in effective width is installed beyond the railing at the balcony floor level. The safety ledge shall be designed to carry a live load of 100 pounds per square foot.

1110. On outside plaza, patio, and garden areas, the Division may permit alternate means of protection are acceptable if the same degree of safety is provided.

1211. Elevated locations used infrequently by employees if the employees using them are protected by a fall restraint/fall arrest system used approved safety belts and lanyards securely anchored to a solid structure in a manner which will prevent a free fall exceeding four (4) feet in accordance with the requirements in Article 24 of the Construction Safety Orders.

1312. On fire hose drying towers, the top rail may be omitted on the inboard or working side of the platform if the hose drying fingers or hangers are spaced not more than 6 inches apart and extend the full length of the platform along the open or working side to within 6 inches of the end rails. The ends of the fingers or hangers shall be positioned at the same height as prescribed for the top rail and within 5 inches from the vertical projection of the platform edge.

14. Flumes are exempt from this requirement when they are accessed by an employee for the purpose of conducting a flume patrol (as defined in Section 3207), and provided the employer implements either written administrative procedures or provides alternative means which will control the hazard of an employee fall off the flume.

1513. On the auditorium side of a stage, raised platforms and other raised floor areas such as runways, ramps and side stages used for entertainment or presentation. At vertical openings in the performance area of stages.

(Title 24, Part 2, Section 509.7)

(b) Other Elevated Locations. The unprotected sides of elevated work locations that are not buildings or building structures where an employee is exposed to a fall of 4 feet or more shall be provided with guardrails. Where overhead clearance prohibits installation of a 42-inch guardrail, a lower rail or rails shall be installed. The railing shall be provided with a toeboard where the platform, runway, or ramp is 6 feet or more above places where employees normally work or pass and the lack of a toeboard could create a hazard from falling tools, material, or equipment.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. Runways used exclusively for oiling, adjusting or otherwise maintaining shafting or other machinery may have the guardrail on the side adjacent to the machinery omitted provided that additional guarding as required by Group 6-Power Transmission Equipment, Prime Movers, Machines and Machine Parts is complied with.

2. Portions of loading or storage platforms which are used primarily for loading or unloading railroad cars or trucks, or at waterside edges used for cargo handling.

3. Open sides of storage platforms less than four feet wide, or portions thereof which are loaded and unloaded exclusively by means of stackers or lift trucks handling pallet supported loads.

4. Portable platforms, portable or fixed workstands, where used in close quarters which would make the installation of guardrails impracticable, may be provided with removable or hinged railings which can be either removed or swung out of the way during such work. Toeboards may not be required on portable or fixed platforms where the nature of the work requires the employees to sit on the edge of the platform.

5. Elevated locations used infrequently by employees if the employees using them are protected by a fall restraint/fall arrest system used in accordance with the requirements in Article 24 of the Construction Safety Orders.

6. Flumes when they are accessed by an employee for the purpose of conducting a flume patrol (as defined in Section 3207), and provided the employer implements either written administrative procedures or provides alternative means which will control the hazard of an employee fall off the flume.

7. Belt loaders or conveyors designed and used for access/egress to aircraft shall be equipped with at least one handrail that will furnish a handhold for anyone grasping it to avoid falling.

8. Working on or in aircraft wheel wells when the wheel well design does not permit the use of guardrails or other fall protection equipment/devices.

9. On mobile vehicles/equipment, where the design or work processes make guardrails impractical, the use of sufficient steps and attached handholds or structural members which allow the user to have a secure hand grasp shall be permitted. Incidental exposure for short duration on the decks or permanent/stationary platforms of mobile vehicles/equipment shall be excluded from the requirements of subsection (b) where it can be shown that guardrails or handholds are not feasible by the design or work processes.

(b)(c) Where guardrails the guardrail requirements of subsections (a) and (b) are impracticable due to machinery requirements or work processes, an alternate means of protecting employees from falling, such as nets, shall be used.

NOTE: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code; and Section 18943(b), Health and Safety Code.

Repeal Section 3388:

§3388. Safety Belts and Life Lines.

(a) Safety belts shall be of approved type before being used by employees.

(b) Where life lines are used, they shall be of strength equivalent to one-half inch Manila rope.

NOTE: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.


Amend Section 509.7 to read:

509.7 [For DOSH] Guardrails shall be provided on all open sides of unenclosed elevated work locations, such as: roof openings, open and glazed sides of landings, balconies or porches, platforms, runways, ramps, or working levels more than 30 inches (762mm) above the floor, ground or other working areas. Where overhead clearance prohibits installation of a 42-inch (1067mm) to 45-inch (1143mm) guardrail, a lower rail or rails shall be installed. The railing shall be provided with a toeboard where the platform, runway or ramp is 6 feet (1829mm) or more above places where employees normally work or pass and the lack of a toeboard could create a hazard from falling tools, materials or equipment.

EXCEPTIONS: 1. Runways used exclusively for oiling, adjusting or otherwise maintaining shafting or other machinery may have the guardrail on the side adjacent to the machinery omitted, provided that additional guarding is provided.

2. Stationary elevated platforms secured to buildings or structures used exclusively for the service and maintenance of overhead bridge cranes and similar mobile equipment may be equipped with removable railings in lieu of guardrails on the side adjacent to the machinery, provided such railings are secured against falling when they are not serving as a protective railing. In existing installations where clearance prohibits railings on the outside of the platform, railings will be permitted on the building side to serve as handholds.

3. Portions of loading or storage platforms which are used primarily for loading or unloading railroad cars or trucks.

4. Open-sided platforms or floors used for storage of lumber or other materials may be guarded with movable single rails, sliding panels, gates or other barriers, provided they are of strength and design equivalent to guardrails.

5. Open sides of storage platforms less than 4 feet (1219mm) wide, or portions there of which are loaded and unloaded exclusively by means of stackers or lift trucks handling pallet-supported loads.

6. Glazed sides that are in compliance with Section 2406.

7. Platforms, or fixed workstands, where used in close quarters which would make the installation of guardrails impracticable, may be provided with removable or hinged railings which can be either removed or swung out of the way.

87. Open hearth and hot metal pouring platforms.

98. Platforms, runways, ramps or other working levels less than 4 feet (1219mm) above floor, ground or other working level constructed prior to January 1, 1967.

109. Theatre galleries, balconies or other such elevated seating locations, where a 42-inch (1067mm) railing would obstruct the sight lines, may be protected by a guardrail or other barrier of not less than 34 inches (864mm) in height, provided that a horizontal concave safety ledge not less than 6 inches (152mm) in depth and not less than 36 inches (914mm) in effective width is installed beyond the railing at the balcony floor level. The safety ledge shall be designed to carry a live load of 100 pounds per square foot (1.46 kN/mē).

1110. On outside plaza, patio and garden areas, the Division of Occupational Safety and Health may permit alternate means of protection are acceptable if the same degree of safety is provided.

1211. Elevated locations used infrequently by persons if the persons using them are protected by a fall restraint or fall arrest system. Fall arrest systems shall approved safety belts and lanyards securely anchored to a solid structure in a manner which will prevent a free fall exceeding four (4) feet (1219mm).

1312. On fire hose drying towers, the top rail may be omitted on the inboard or working side of the platform if the hose drying fingers or hangers are spaced not more than 6 inches (152mm) apart and extend the full length of the platform along the open or working side to within 6 inches (152mm) of the end rails. The ends of the fingers or hangers shall be positioned at the same height as prescribed for the top rail and within 5 inches (127mm) from the vertical projection of the platform edge.

13. On the auditorium side of a stage, raised platforms and other raised floor areas such as runways, ramps and side stages used for entertainment or presentation. At vertical openings in the performance area of stages.

Note: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code; and Section 18943(b), Health and Safety Code.