Page 5

Action Goals
Now that you are aware of the job tasks you perform and the risk factors leading to MSDs, you are ready to look at the setup and organization of the furniture and equipment in your work space. The action goals that follow will help you reduce or eliminate some of these risks. They are written to help you work safely.

The following action goals describe the best way to work at your work station. This section will help you to know where to start looking for problems at your work station. After reading these goals, complete the Checklist on page 7. If you are unable to answer questions on the Checklist because you need additional information about an action goal, or if you answer “NO” to any item on the checklist, go to the page indicated where the action goal is covered in greater detail.



1a-b.  Your feet are resting comfortably on the floor or on a footrest, and your knees are slightly lower than your hips.
2.       There is a 2- to 4-inch gap between the back of your knees and the front edge of the chair when your back is against the chair.
3.       The curve of the chair back fits into the deepest part of the curve in your lower back.
4.       The back of the chair is upright or tilted back for comfort, and provides upper back support.
5.       Armrests are adjusted so that they are just slightly below your elbows when your shoulders are relaxed.
6.       Armrests do not interfere with access to the keying, mousing or writing surfaces.


7a.     Your shoulders are relaxed, and your elbows are close to your body.
7b.     Your elbows are bent to 90 degrees or slightly greater (inner angle).
7c.      The tops of the “home row” keys are at the same height as your elbows, or slightly lower than your elbows.
7d.      Your wrists are straight (not bent).

(using a mouse, trackball, touch pad, etc.)

8.       The pointing device is close to the keyboard.

GOALS (continued)>>>

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Department of Industrial Relations   Cal/OSHA Consultation Service   Research and Education Unit