CALIFORNIA CODES EDUCATION CODE SECTION 51760-51769.5 51760. The governing board of any district maintaining a high school may: (a) Provide for the instruction of pupils in the skills, attitudes, and understandings necessary to success in employment by means of courses of work experience education as provided in this article. (b) Provide for guidance and supervision procedures designed to insure maximum educational benefit to students from placement in suitable work experience education courses. (c) Provide for arranging, approving, coordinating, and awarding credit for work experience education courses, and for those purposes employ instructors, coordinators, and other necessary personnel. (d) Provide for the district to purchase liability insurance for students enrolled in programs of study involving work experience or vocational education at locations off school grounds approved by the governing board, or require students to purchase insurance and to pass on all or a portion of the costs, at the discretion of the governing board, to the district. 51760.3. The governing board of any school district offering work experience education pursuant to the authority of Section 51760 shall grant credit to pupils satisfactorily completing a work experience education program, in an amount not to exceed a total of 40 semester credits, of which no more than 10 credits may be conferred in any one semester, provided the pupil meets all of the following requirements: (a) At the time of enrollment, the pupil is at least 16 years of age. Pupils under the age of 16 years may receive credit for work experience education under the following conditions: (1) The pupil is enrolled in grade 11 or a higher grade. (2) The principal of the school in which the pupil is enrolled certifies that the pupil is in need of immediate work experience education in order to pursue employment opportunities. (3) The principal of the school in which the pupil is enrolled certifies that there is a probability that the pupil will no longer be enrolled as a full-time pupil without being provided the opportunity to enroll in a work experience education program. (4) The pupil's individualized education program adopted pursuant to the requirements of Part 30 (commencing with Section 56000), prescribes the type of training for which participation in a work experience program is deemed appropriate. (b) During the course of the pupil's enrollment in the program, the pupil receives as a minimum the equivalent of one instructional period per week of classroom instruction or counseling by a certificated employee. The instruction or counseling shall be offered in sessions scheduled intermittently throughout the semester. (c) The work experience education program meets all of the requirements of law governing these programs. 51760.5. Notwithstanding Section 51760, attendance in work experience classes or programs maintained by a regional occupational center or regional occupational program shall not receive apportionments from state funds based on average daily attendance unless such classes or programs are in conformance with standards adopted pursuant to Section 52372. A student enrolled in a vocational education class using the cooperative vocational education methodology conducted by a regional occupational center or program shall not be credited with more than 15 hours of attendance in any calendar week for purposes of the methodology. 51762. The Department of Education shall adopt any rules and regulations necessary to implement the standards set by the Superintendent of Public Instruction, in order to maintain the educational purpose and character of work experience education. 51762.5. The Superintendent of Public Instruction shall adopt standards for district plans required by subdivision (b) of Section 46300. The adopted standards shall include, but shall not necessarily be limited to, all of the following: (a) Selection and approval of work stations. (b) Classroom instruction. (c) Supervision of pupils. (d) Formal training agreements. (e) Paid and unpaid on-the-job work experience programs. (f) Academic credit for participation in work experience education programs. 51763. All laws or rules applicable to minors in employment relationships are applicable to students enrolled in work experience education courses. 51764. Work experience education as authorized by this article includes the employment of pupils in part-time jobs selected or approved as having educational value for the students employed therein and coordinated by school employees. 51765. The governing board of any school district which establishes and supervises a work experience education program in which mentally retarded pupils are employed in part-time jobs may use funds derived from any source, to the extent permissible by appropriate law or regulation, to pay the wages of pupils so employed. The Legislature hereby finds and declares that the authority granted by the provisions of this section is necessary to ensure that the work experience education program will continue to provide maximum educational benefit to students, particularly mentally retarded pupils, and that such program is deemed to serve a public purpose. 51766. Work experience education involving apprenticeable occupations shall be consistent with the purposes of Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 3070), Division 3 of the Labor Code and with standards established by the California Apprenticeship Council. 51767. The governing board of any school district which maintains one or more high schools may provide for the establishment and supervision of work experience education programs in areas outside the district, either within this state or in a contiguous state. 51768. The governing board of any school district providing work experience and work study education may provide for employment under the program of pupils in part-time jobs located in areas outside the district, either within this state or in a contiguous state, and the employment may be by any public or private employer. The districts may pay wages to persons receiving the training whether assigned within or without the district and may provide workers' compensation insurance as may be necessary, but no payments may be made to or for private employers. However, wages to individuals with exceptional needs, as defined in Section 56026, may be paid to or for private employers as part of work experience programs funded through the annual Budget Act for these individuals. 51769. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of this code or the Labor Code to the contrary, the school district, county superintendent of schools, or any school administered by the State Department of Education, under whose supervision work experience education, cooperative vocational education, or community classrooms, as defined by regulations adopted by the Superintendent of Public Instruction, or a job shadowing experience, as defined in subdivision (b), or student apprenticeship programs registered by the Division of Apprenticeship Standards of the Department of Industrial Relations for registered student apprentices, are provided, shall be considered the employer under Division 4 (commencing with Section 3200) of the Labor Code of persons receiving this training unless the persons during the training are being paid a cash wage or salary by a private employer, except in the case of registered student apprentices, when the school district, county superintendent of schools, or any school administered by the State Department of Education elects to provide workers' compensation insurance, or unless the person or firm under whom the persons are receiving work experience or occupational training elects to provide workers' compensation insurance. A registered student apprentice is a registered apprentice who is (1) at least 16 years of age, (2) a full-time high school student in the 10th, 11th, or 12th grade, and (3) in an apprenticeship program for registered student apprentices registered with the Division of Apprenticeship Standards. An apprentice, while attending related and supplemental instruction classes, shall be considered to be in the employ of the apprentice's employer and not subject to this section, unless the apprentice is unemployed. Whenever this work experience education, cooperative vocational education, community classroom education, or job shadowing, or student apprenticeship program registered by the Division of Apprenticeship Standards for registered student apprentices, is under the supervision of a regional occupational center or program operated by two or more school districts pursuant to Section 52301, the district of residence of the persons receiving the training shall be deemed the employer for the purposes of this section. (b) For purposes of this section, "job shadowing experience" means a visit to a workplace for the purpose of career exploration for no less than three hours and no more than 25 hours in one semester, intersession, or summer school session. 51769.5. Sections 1292, 1293, and 1294 of the Labor Code shall not apply to work experience education programs established pursuant to this article if all of the following occur: (a) The work experience coordinator determines that the students have been sufficiently trained in the employment or work otherwise prohibited. (b) Parental approval is obtained. (c) The principal or the counselor of the student has determined that the progress of the student toward graduation will not be impaired.