Department of Industrial Relations

Division of Apprenticeship Standards

&

California Apprenticeship Council

 

2002

Annual Report on Activities

to the Legislature and the Public


Apprenticeship Training in California

California Apprenticeship Council

Division of Apprenticeship Standards

DAS School to Career/Apprenticeship

Legistation

Department of Corrections Inmate

Child Care Apprenticeship Program

 

Attachments

Exhibit 1 - DAS Program Statistics 1998

Exhibit 2 - DAS Program Statistics 1999

Exhibit 3 - DAS Program Statistics 2000

Exhibit 4 - DAS Program Statistics 2001

Exhibit 5 - DAS Program Statistics 2002

Exhibit 6 - DAS Program Statistics: Active Women Apprentices in Construction Occupations - 2000 & 2001

APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING IN CALIFORNIA

The apprenticeship training program system is unique. Its basic foundation is a partnership between industry, education, and government. Industry funded and industry driven, the apprenticeship training system provides an effective balance between "learning by doing" and theoretical instruction in an effort to develop workers with marketable skills.

California continues to lead the nation with 66,152 apprentices registered in over 1200 programs recognized by the Division of Apprenticeship Standards.

California's multitude of industries/employers voluntarily sponsoring or participating in an apprenticeship program have found that this system of training is efficient and cost effective because it:

CALIFORNIA APPRENTICESHIP COUNCIL

The California Apprenticeship Council (CAC) was established in 1939 by the Shelley-Maloney Apprentice Labor Standards Act. The Council is comprised of 17 members, 14 of whom are appointed by the Governor to four year terms. Six of the appointed members represent management, six represent labor and two represent the public. The remaining three are ex-officio members representing the Director of the Department of Industrial Relations (DIR), the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges and the Superintendent of Public Instruction. The Chair of the CAC is elected annually by the members of the Council. The Chief of the Division of Apprenticeship Standards serves as secretary to the CAC and DAS provides staff services.

The CAC holds open quarterly meetings to address issues affecting apprenticeship in California and to fulfill its statutory requirement to provide policy advice on apprenticeship matters to the Administrator of Apprenticeship and DIR Director; to issue rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the intent of the law; to insure that selection procedures are impartially administered to all applicants; and to conduct appeals hearings in matters of apprentice agreement disputes, new apprenticeship standards approval, and apprenticeship program administration.

 

On January 16, 2002, the Office of Administrative law approved and adopted the proposed regulations, which go in to effect February 16, 2002.


DIVISION OF APPRENTICESHIP STANDARDS

The Division of Apprenticeship Standards (DAS), within the Department of Industrial Relations, administers California's apprenticeship law, the Shelley-Maloney Apprentice Labor Standards Act of 1939 and the CAC's regulations.

The main responsibility of the DAS is the promotion and development of employment-based apprenticeship training programs; the improvement of apprentice working conditions; and the advancement of profitable employment opportunities for apprentices. The DAS accomplishes these objectives by providing consultative services to apprenticeship program sponsors, employers, employee organizations and education providers. It also has oversight responsibility for proper program management and ensuring that high training standards are maintained for apprentices - including their wages, hours and working conditions; skills to be learned and length of training; required supplemental classroom instruction; as well as the auditing of selection and disciplinary proceedings of apprentices or prospective apprentices.

Other DAS responsibilities include:

 

Equal Opportunity

The percentage of minorities and women participating in apprenticeship programs remained fairly constant. As of December 31, 2002, 54.6% of California's registered apprentices were from minority groups and 7.4% were women.

 

DAS SCHOOL TO CAREER/APPRENTICESHIP

California's School-to-Career/Apprenticeship program (STC/A) continues to move forward. The STC/A program differs from most other school initiated work experience programs for students in that all on-the-job training is paid, and the agreement signed with the employer is a commitment of continued employment and training upon the student's graduation.

The STC/A program is the only recognized skilled training system that is entirely industry based and operated. It creates a linkage between the education system and industry while encouraging students to stay in school and graduate. The program begins the process of preparing students for transition into selected career fields through part-time, paid-on-the-job training while the student is still in school. The signed apprenticeship agreement outlines what job specific training will be provided by the employer and the school. Upon graduation, the student continues in the apprenticeship program which transitions into full-time employment and further classroom instruction in the community college system or adult education until the term of apprenticeship is completed.

The STC/A program is overseen by the Ad Hoc Committee of the California Apprenticeship Council and includes representatives from industry, labor, government and education. The goal is the development of one or more STC/A models that can be utilized in all schools where there is an interest and industry partnership.

The key to the STC/A program is that it encourages expansion and change to meet the needs of industry without adversely affecting education goals and objectives.

Of the original (6) pilot programs, (3) remain. The industries currently participating in the School-to-Career/Apprenticeship Pilot Program include; automotive, machinists, construction, masonry, and healthcare.

The Division of Apprenticeship Standards, in conjunction with the California Apprenticeship Council has created and recommends the following guide to educate the public about apprenticeship opportunities in California.  The guide contains the following:

The DAS also partnered with the Director’s office of the Department of Industrial Relations, to developed a video, “Apprenticeship: The Best Kept Secret”, with the intent to promote the advancement of apprenticeship.  This promotional material is also highly recommended.


LEGISLATION


The following is a summary and status of apprenticeship related legislation introduced in the 2001-2002 legislative session:

AB 1448 (Maddox)

This bill provides that a prime contractor is not responsible for a violation by a subcontractor on a public works project of specified duties related to certified payroll records and overtime pay.   A prime contractor would become liable for such actions if two Labor Code sections are permitted to sunset on January 1, 2003.  Specifically, this bill:

Repeals the sunset on January 1, 2003, of Labor Code Section 1776, which provides that a contractor is not subject to a penalty assessment due to the failure to a subcontractor to comply with specified duties to prepare, maintain, and provide certified payroll records, for employees on a public works project.

Repeals the sunset on January 1, 2003, of Labor Code Section 1813, which provides that a subcontractor on a public works project is subject to any penalties for failure of the subcontractor to pay overtime to the subcontractor's employees, and the contractor is subject to any such penalties for the contractor's employees, but the contractor is not responsible for penalties for the subcontractor's violations.

Status:        Signed by Governor Davis, Chapter 28, Statutes of 2002

AB 2743 (Lowenthal)

This bill Allows licensed apprentices in barbering, cosmetology,  skin care, or nail care who have completed at least 75% of their  apprenticeship program to submit an application for admittance  to the Bureau of Barbering and Cosmetology's (Bureau)  examination for licensure.   Specifically, this bill:

Specifies that an application for examination submitted by a  student of an approved cosmetology, electrology, or barbering  school shall be known as a "school pre-application."

Specifies that an application for examination submitted by a person who is licensed as an apprentice in barbering, cosmetology, skin care, or nail care shall be known as an  "apprenticeship pre-application," and specifies that an additional pre-application fee may be required.

Specifies that the Bureau shall administer the licensing examination to apprentices who have submitted apprenticeship pre-applications no later than 10 working days after completion of their approved apprenticeship programs. 

It is also noted that 22% of all applicants taking the Bureau's barbering and cosmetology examination fail the written portion of the examination and 30% fail the practical portion of the examination.  Apprentices failing the exam cannot continue working as an apprentice because their license is usually expired by the time they take the examination.  They must wait for the Bureau to reschedule their examination.  This bill provides licensed apprentices some flexibility by allowing them to submit an apprenticeship pre-application for admission to the Bureau's examination when they have completed 75% of their apprenticeship program.  Apprentices failing the examination on their first try can instantly reapply to retake the examination before their current apprenticeship licenses expire.

A person wishing to become a cosmetologist has two options for obtaining a license from the Bureau.  They can either attend a cosmetology school or become a licensed apprentice.  If an individual chooses to enroll in cosmetology school, that person must take and pass specified courses to qualify to take the Bureau's examination.

If a person chooses to go into an apprenticeship program, they must be licensed by the Bureau and work in a licensed salon and accumulate the required number of hours (3,200 hours) set by the Bureau.  The required hours on average takes a licensed apprentice two years to complete.  Once the apprentice accumulates the required number of hours needed to qualify to take the examination, the person must apply and take the practical and written examination within three months of the permit expiring.

Status:        Signed by Governor Davis, Chapter 580, Statutes of 2002

DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS INMATE
APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM


The Division of Apprenticeship Standards (DAS), California Department of Corrections, and California Youth Authority, have collaborated to establish an apprenticeship training program designed to help inmates develop marketable skills enabling them to secure gainful employment upon their release. The inmate apprenticeship program encourages sponsors to assist inmates who, upon their release, would transition into their existing apprenticeship programs in the private sector.

In addition to the state sponsored apprenticeship program, various individual institutions also have established in-house inmate apprenticeship programs in several occupations. Some of which include; automotive repair, machinists, meat cutting, dry cleaning, printing, and upholstery trades.

At the end of 2001, a total of (59) inmate apprentices were registered with the DAS, and (5) apprenticeship programs had been approved

CHILD CARE APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM

In 2001, the Division of Apprenticeship Standards was awarded a $350,000 federal grant to expand California's current child care apprenticeship program. The funding represents an exciting opportunity for the division to develop and promote much needed new child care apprenticeship programs, while strengthening existing programs that will meet or exceed current federal guidelines. Specifically, the grant, which has designated a performance period of 18 months (February 15, 2001 through August 15, 2002), provides for additional DAS staffing, administrative resources, and external outreach activities for promoting child care apprenticeship. Currently, the DAS' apprenticeship program requires 2000 hours of on-the-job training and 108 hours of related and supplemental instruction per year, while the federal program requires 4000 hours of on-the-job training, and 144 hours of related and supplemental instruction per year. DAS' Senior Management believes that increasing the hourly requirements to meet or exceed current federal program standards, they will improve the quality of training and provide upward mobility for apprentices in the form of new, higher, better paying classifications. The division has already initiated programs for pre-school teacher and child care development associate occupations, which the division expects will be expanded under the federal grant.

In 2002, DAS officials independently, and through the advisory committee meetings, met with a variety of organizations, individuals, and interested parties, and also participated in local and national child care conferences to continue to explore new and innovative opportunities for apprenticeship in this field. The DAS hope to have a subcontract in place by the end of August 2003.