Table 1.  Number and percent distribution of fatal occupational injuries
by event or exposure, California, 1994-98
 
                                     
  1998* 1997     1996 1995 1994
  Event or Exposure Number Percent Number Percent   Percent Number Number Number
                                       
                             
  Total .................................................................. 617   100   652   100.0   100.0 641   646   643  
                             
Transportation accidents ............................................................................... 249   40.4   240   39.9   36.8 270   262   243  
  Highway accident ............................................................................... 123   19.9   139   21.9   21.3 165   144   127  
  Collision between vehicles, mobile equipment ................................................. 61   9.9   56   11.1   8.6 78   73   66  
  Vehicle struck stationary object, equipment ........................................................ 28   4.5   25   4.0   3.8 30   26   24  
  Noncollision accident .......................................................................... 31   5.0   45   6.7   6.9 50   44   35  
  Nonhighway accident (farm, industrial premises) ...................................................... 17   2.8   24   6.2   3.7 29   41   27  
  Noncollision accident ........................................................................ 13   2.1   23   5.6   3.5 24   37   25  
  Worker struck by vehicle, mobile equipment ......................................................................................... 47   7.6   40       6.1 37   45   43  
  In parking lot or non-roadway area ......................................................................... 21   3.4   10       1.5 19   26   20  
  In roadway ................................................................................................................ 15   2.4   18       2.8 11   10   15  
  On side of road .............................................................................................................. 9   1.5   4       0.6 6   8   8  
  Aircraft .................................................................................................. 46   7.5   24   4.3   3.7 29   28   35  
  Water vehicle ............................................................................................... 13   2.1   9   0.5   1.4 6   3   7  
  Railway ............................................................................................... 2   0.3   3   0.2   0.5 3   1   4  
                             
Assaults and violent acts .............................................................................. 147   23.8   174   29.5   26.7 185   194   196  
  Homicides ...................................................................................................... 108   17.5   131   23.3   20.1 156   153   164  
  Shooting ..................................................................................................... 92   14.9   111   18.7   17.0 125   123   139  
  Stabbing ..................................................................................................... 5   0.8   9   1.8   1.4 11   12   14  
  Self-inflicted injury ............................................................................... 39   6.3   42   5.9   6.4 27   39   28  
                             
Contact with objects and equipment ......................................................................... 69   11.2   77   10.0   11.8 56   66   64  
  Struck by object .................................................................................... 38   6.2   44   7.2   6.7 24   47   48  
  Struck by falling object ............................................................................. 25   4.1   24   3.7   3.7 13   24   29  
  Caught in or compressed by equipment or objects ......................... 21   3.4   27       4.1 22   12   9  
  Caught in running equipment or machinery .............................. 5   0.8   14       2.1 9   9   5  
  Caught in or crushed in collapsing structure/materials ....................... 9   1.5   4       0.6 7   6   4  
  Excavation, trench cave-in ............................................................... 3   0.5   3       0.5 4   4   1  
                             
Falls ............................................................................................... 80   13.0   80   8.1   12.3 60   53   73  
  Falls to lower level .......................................................... 67   10.9   72       11.0 53   44   61  
  Fall from ladder ..................................................................................... 8   1.3   14   1.8   2.1 10   12   11  
  Fall from roof ............................................................. 24   3.9   20       3.1 16   9   13  
  Fall from scaffold, staging ........................................................................ 10   1.6   9       1.4 5   2   8  
  Fall on same level ................................................................................. 6   1.0   1   1.2   0.2 4   8   8  
                             
Exposure to harmful substances or environments ................................... 57   9.2   56   7.9   8.6 50   52   48  
  Contact with electric current .............................................................. 26   4.2   15   4.1   2.3 27   27   25  
  Contact with overhead lines ........................................ 9   1.5   5       0.8 13   10   10  
  Contact with wiring, transformers, or other           0.0                
  electrical components ............................................ 8   1.3   7   1.2   1.1 5   8   10  
  Exposure to caustic, noxious, or allergenic substances ............................ 13   2.1   24       3.7 13   12   12  
  Drowning, submersion ....................................................................................................... 9   1.5   12       1.8 6   7   9  
            0.0              
Fires and explosions ................................................................... 8   1.3   22   2.7   3.4 14 18   16  
  Fires -- unintended or uncontrolled .................................................... 6   1.0   13       2.0 7 7   11  
  Explosions ...................................................................................................... 2   0.3   9   1.7   1.4 7 11   5  
                    0.0                  
* Figures for 1998 are preliminary and will be updated as new cases are determined to be work-related.    
Note: Totals may include data for subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals due to rounding.
Source: California Division of Labor Statistics and Research, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,
Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, 1994-98.
August 1999