TITLE 8 SAFETY ORDERS ASSOCIATED WITH A
SUBSTANTIAL PROBABILITY OF DEATH OR SERIOUS PHYSICAL HARM
A violation of any of the following Title 8 sections is associated with a substantial probability of death or serious physical harm. If a violation of a section listed below is not classified as Serious, compliance personnel shall document in Item 26(c) of the Cal/OSHA 1B the reason(s) why the violation has not been classified as Serious. See Notes to Attachment F for health standards violations.
|TITLE 8 SECTION||
|1516(a)||Eye and Face Protection|
|1521||Ear Protection -- Note 1|
|1524||Water Supply -- Note 2|
|1526||Toilets at Construction Jobsites -- Note 2|
|1527||Washing Facilities, Food Handling & Temporary Sleeping Quarters -- Note 2|
|1528||General (Dust, Fumes, Mists, Vapors and Gases) -- Note 3|
|1529||Asbestos -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|1530||General Requirements of Mechanical Ventilation -- Note 3|
|1531||Respiratory Protective Equipment -- See 5144|
|1532||Cadmium -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|1532.1||Lead -- Notes 6, 8 and 10|
|1533||Internal Combustion Engines -- Note 1534 Flammable Vapors -- Note 11|
|1535||Methylenedianiline -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|1536||Ventilation Requirements for Welding, Brazing & Cutting -- Note 3|
|1537||Welding, Cutting and Heating of Coated Metals -- Note 3|
|1541(d)||Exposure to Vehicular Traffic, see also 1598(c)|
|1541(e)||Exposure to Falling Loads, see also 5002|
|1541 (i)(1), (2) & (3)||Stability Endangered by Excavation|
|1541 (j)(2)||Protection from Excavated Materials|
|1541 (k)(2)||Cave-in Condition (when it can be documented that condition had previously existed)|
|1541.1(d)(2)||Materials and Equipment for Protective Systems|
|1541.1(e)(1)(B)||Support System, Install/Remove|
|1541.1(g)(1)(C)||Shield Systems, Exit/Enter|
|1542(a)(1)||Protective Systems for Shafts|
|1592(a) & (b)||Back-up Alarm|
|1598(a) & (c)||Traffic Control/Streets and Highways|
|1621(a)||Guardrails (if fall is from 10 feet or higher)|
|1626(b)||Stairwells and Stairs (if fall is from 10 feet or higher)|
|1626(e)||Stair Railings (if fall is from 10 feet or higher)|
|1632(c)||Ladderway Floor Openings/Platforms|
|1640(b)(1)||Pole Scaffolds, Uprights|
|1640(b)(2)||Pole Scaffolds, Ledgers and Ribbons|
|1640(b)(3)||Pole Scaffolds, Ties and Braces|
|1640(b)(4)||Pole Scaffolds, Railings (if fall is from 10 feet or higher)|
|1640(b)(5)||Pole Scaffolds, Platforms|
|1640(c*)(1)||Pole Scaffolds, Loading|
|1640(c*)(2)||Pole Scaffolds, Uprights|
|1640(c*)(3)||Pole Scaffolds, Ledgers and Ribbons|
|1640 (c*)(4)||Pole Scaffolds, Diagonal Braces|
|1640(c*)(5)||Pole Scaffolds, Railings (if fall is from 10 feet or higher)|
|*The (C) in Section 1640 (b)(5)(C) is most likely a misprint--it should read 1640 (c).|
|1644(a)(2)||Metal Scaffolds, Structurally Weakened|
|1644(a)(3)||Metal Scaffolds, Base Plates|
|1644(a)(4||Metal Scaffolds, Planks on Rails|
|1644(a)(5)||Metal Scaffolds, Ties|
|1644(a)(6)||Metal Scaffolds, Railings (if fall is from 10 feet or higher)|
|1644(a)(7)||Metal Scaffolds, Platforms|
|1670(a)||Safety Belts and Lanyards|
|1670(c)||Secure Lanyard, see also 3210(a)|
|1675(j)||Ladders in Use|
|1712(c)(1) & (2)||Impalement|
|1740(b)||Cylinders, Storage and Use (serious if acetylene cylinder is lying down)|
|1740(c)||Cylinders, Storage and Use (serious if valve is unprotected and cylinder is not restrained)|
|2340.17(a)||Guarding of Energized Parts (if 220 volts or greater)|
|2340.17(a)(1)||Vaults/Enclosures (if unlocked enclosures 220 volts or greater)|
|2340.22(a)||Identify Disconnecting Means|
|2340.26||Mechanical Protection (if 220 volts or greater)|
|2395.51(a)(1)||Effective Grounding (if 220 volts or greater)|
|2510.56(a)||Receptacles, Cord Connectors, and Attachment Plugs (if 220 volts or greater)|
|2510.58(a)||Grounding Poles (if 220 volts or greater)|
|2510.58(b)||Grounding Pole Connection (if 220 volts or greater)|
|3210(a)||Guardrails (if fall is from 10 feet or higher)|
|3212(a)(1)||Floor Openings, Floor Holes and Roofs|
|3214(a)||Stair Rails and Hand Rails (if fall is from 10 feet or higher)|
|3314(a), (b) & (c)||Lockout Blockout|
|3326(d)||Tire Changing Restraining Device|
|3362||Sanitation, General Requirements (all subsections, but not serious if sanitation conditions do not contribute to an employee exposure to a substance or agent which can result in a serious adverse health effect)|
|3363||Water Supply (all subsections, but not serious if water supply conditions do not contribute to an employee exposure to a substance or agent which can result in a serious adverse health effect)|
|3366||Washing Facilities (all subsections, but not serious if washing facilities conditions do not contribute to an employee exposure to a substance or agent which can result in a serious adverse health effect)|
|3382(a)||Eye and Face Protection, see also 1516(a)|
|3384(a) & (b)||Foot Protection|
|3385(a), (b) & (c)||Foot Protection|
|3657(a)(2) & (3)||Elevating Employees with Lift Trucks (if fall is from 10 feet or higher)|
|4050(a)||Shafts, Collars, Clutches, Couplings|
|4070(a)||Belt and Pulley Drives|
|4075(a)||Gears and Sprockets|
|4307(b), (b)(1) & (c)||Portable Circular Saws|
|4309(b) and (d)||Radial Arm Saw|
|4310(a)(1)||Band Knives and Band Saw|
|4650(f) and (h||Storage Handling and Use of Cylinders|
|4845(b)||Back Flow Prevention|
|4853||Inert-Gas Metal-Arc Welding -- Note 3|
|5031(a) and (c)||Crane/Derrick Inspection|
|5096||Exposure Limits for Noise -- Notes 1 and 10|
|5097||Hearing Conservation Program -- Notes 10, 12 and 13|
|5098||Hearing Protectors -- Notes 7 and 12|
|5099||Training Program -- Note 12|
|5110||See P&P C-13|
|5141||Control of Harmful Exposures -- Notes 1 and 3|
|5143||Mechanical Ventilation Systems -- Notes 1 and 3|
|5144||Respiratory Protective Equipment -- Notes 3, 6 and 7|
|5145||Media/Allaying Dusts, Fumes, Mists, Vapors and Gases--Note 3|
|5146||Internal Combustion Engine Exhaust Emission Control|
|5149||Oxygen Deficiency -- Always serious|
|5150||Vent/PPE Req/Welding, Brazing and Cutting--Note 3|
|5151||Vent/PPE Req/Abrasive Blast Oper/Enclosures--Notes 3, 11 and 14|
|5152||Vent/PPE Req/Grinding, Polishing and Buffing Operations--Note 3|
|5153||Vent/PPE Req/Spray-Coating Operations -- Note 3|
|5154||Vent/PPE Req/Open-Surface Tank Operations -- Note 3|
|5154.1||Ventilation Req/Lab-Type Hood Operations -- Notes 3, 14 and 15|
|5155||Airborne Contaminants (c)(d) & (e) -- Notes 3 and 16|
|5157||Permit-Required Confined Space -- Notes 6, 16 and 17|
|5158||Other Confined Space Operations -- Notes 6, 16 and 17|
|5162||Emerg Eyewash and Shower Equipment -- Notes 18, 19 and 20|
|5164||Storage of Hazardous Substances -- Note 21|
|5185(l)||Changing and Charging Storage Batteries|
|5189 (d)(2)||Process Safety Information - Note 23|
|5189 (e)(1)||Process Hazard Analysis - Note 23|
|5189 (e)(2)(A), (B), (C), (E)||Process Hazard Analysis - Note 23|
|5189 (e)(2)(F)||Process Hazard Analysis - Note 24|
|5189 (f)(1)||Operating Procedures - Notes 23 and 25|
|5189 (j)(2)(A), (B)||Mechanical Integrity, Inspection and Testing - Note 26|
|5189 (j)(3)||Mechanical Integrity, Equipment Deficiencies - Note 26|
|5189 (j)(4)(C)||Mechanical Integrity, Quality Assurance - Note 27|
|5189 (l)(1)||Management of Change - Note 28|
|5192||Hazardous Waste Operations/Emergency Resp -- Notes 3 and 6|
|5193||Bloodborne Pathogens -- Notes 6 and 10|
|5194||Hazard Communication-Notes 3, 6 and 9|
|5196||Sulfur -- Note 1|
|5200||Methylenedianiline -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5207||Cadmium -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5208||Asbestos -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5209||Carcinogens (various) -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5210||Vinyl Chloride -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5211||Coke oven emissions -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5212||1,2 dibromo-3 chloropropane (DBCP) -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5213||Acrylonitrile -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5214||Inorganic arsenic -- Notes 4/5&10;note exemption for "utilization"|
|5215||4,4'- Methylene bis (2-chloroaniline) -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5216||Lead -- Notes 6, 8 and 10|
|5217||Formaldehyde -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5218||Benzene -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5219||Ethylene Dibromide (EDB) -- Notes 4 and 5|
|5220||Ethylene Oxide -- Notes 4, 5 and 10|
|5221||Fumigation -- Note 1|
|5222||Fumigation/Vaults and Chambers -- Note 1|
|5223||Fumigation/build/rooms other than vault & chambers -- Note 1|
|5416||Flammable vapors -- Note 11|
The following notes describe circumstances or situations in which the specified Title 8 sections in Attachment F may not be associated with a substantial probability of death or serious physical harm.
Not Serious, if exposure exceeds the PEL, provided effective personal protective equipment and all feasible engineering or administrative controls are being used.
Not serious, if the conditions do not contribute to an employee exposure to a substance or agent which can result in a serious adverse health effect.
Not serious, if the exposure exceeds the PEL, STEL or Ceiling values, provided the substance involved does not have a Health Effects Code (HEC) of 14 or less or an HEC of 17 or 18 as listed in Note 22.
All violations related to the "Use" of a carcinogen, regardless of the exposure level, shall be classified as serious, unless it is determined that the violation was minor and would not result in a substantial health hazard.
"Other than use" violations of a carcinogen regulation shall be classified as serious when the PEL, Excursion, and Action Level or Ceiling value is exceeded, or if it is determined that the violation could contribute to an exposure above the PEL, Excursion, and Action Level or Ceiling value.
Not serious, if the employer does not have a written program or plan available at the time of the inspection and there is substantial evidence the employer has implemented an effective program or plan and that the lack of such a written program or plan does not directly contribute to a serious exposure risk.
Not serious, if equipment is improperly stored, provided that the equipment is not contaminated by a substance which has a Health Effects Code (HEC) of 14 or less as listed in Note 22.
Not serious, if the exposure is equal to or greater than the Action Level, but less than the PEL provided there are no high blood levels.
For mixtures of diluted substances, the MSDS toxicity information may be used to establish a serious health violation.
Violations related to access to exposure and medical records, observation of monitoring, recordkeeping, notification of work or registration posting requirements shall be classified as "Regulatory" violations.
Not serious, if the measured airborne concentration does not exceed 25 percent of the lower explosive limits (LEL).
Not Serious, if exposure is at or Above Action Level, but less than the PEL.
Not serious, if the violations are directly attributable to a contracted audiometric service.
Not Serious, if concentration within the duct system does not exceed 20 percent of the lower explosive limits (LEL).
Violations related to the use of perchloric acid shall always be cited as serious.
8 CCR Section 5155(e)(1) shall not be cited unless documentation exists to support the citation, e.g., sampling results. The employer's sampling data shall not be acceptable, unless the data is representative of actual working conditions and was obtained using a validated method by a person qualified, pursuant to the requirements of 8 CCR Section 5155(e)(3), to obtain and evaluate the data.
Not serious, but only if (1) side or bottom openings are used to enter a confined space; (2) all required air monitoring, personal protective and rescue equipment are available and in use; (3) only trained personel are engaged in the entry activity, and (4) the only hazard within the space is related to airborne chemical contamination.
Not serious, if there is a substantial probability that a serious exposure does not exist because of the small quantities handled and the lack of a splash hazard, irrespective of the use of PPE.
Violations of the monthly testing of equipment requirements should be classified as "General," unless such testing could have detected an existing non-functional equipment.
No citation shall be issued, unless there is adequate evidence to document that the hazardous substance for which the device is being required meets the criteria for causing the injuries, and/or causes toxic effects by absorption as specified in the regulation.
Not serious, if the reaction of incompatible materials would not lead to serious exposure, including fire and explosion, because of the quantities stored, properties of the substances or the location of the storage.
Note 22: HEALTH EFFECTS CODES
Cancer---Currently regulated by OSHA as carcinogen
Chronic (Cumulative) Toxicity---Known or Suspected animal or human carcinogen, mutagen (except Code HE1 chemicals)
Chronic (Cumulative) Toxicity---Long-term organ toxicity other than nervous, respiratory, hematologic or reproductive
Acute Toxicity---Short-term high risk effects
Reproductive Hazards---Teratogenesis or other reproductive impairment
Nervous System Disturbances---Cholinesterase inhibition
Nervous System Disturbances---Nervous system effects other than narcosis
Nervous System Disturbances---Narcosis
Respiratory Effects Other Than Irritation---Respiratory sensitization (asthma or other)
Respiratory Effects Other Than Irritation---Cumulative lung damage
Respiratory Effects---Acute lung damage/edema or other
Hematologic (Blood) Disturbances---Anemias
Hematologic (Blood) Disturbances---Methemoglobinemia
Irritation-Eyes, Nose, Throat, Skin---Marked
Irritation-Eyes, Nose, Throat, Skin---Moderate
Irritation-Eyes, Nose, Throat, Skin---Mild
Explosive, Flammable, Safety (No adverse effects encountered when good housekeeping practices are followed
Generally Low Risk Health Effects---Nuisance particulates, vapors or gases
Generally Low Risk Health Effects---Odor
P&PC-1B, Attachment F (8/13/04)