DIVISION OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
POLICY AND PROCEDURES MANUAL
LICENSING OF CRANE CERTIFIERS
Issue Date: 2/1/87
AUTHORITY: California Labor Code Sec. 7375 through 7384 and Title
8 California Code of Regulations Sec. 344.60 through 344.67 and
POLICY: It is the policy of the Division of Occupational Safety
and Health to require that any person engaging in the testing,
examination and/or certification of cranes, including but not
limited to tower cranes and derricks used in lifting services
exceeding three tons rated capacity, obtain a crane certifier's
license from the Division or be approved by the Division to work
as a surveyor under a license issued by the Division.
A license to certify cranes and derricks may be obtained
from the Division of Occupational Safety and Health by
satisfying the requirements found on the crane certifier's
license application form and by passing a written
An applicant for a crane certifier's license shall
submit a completed application to the Division's Crane
Unit and shall provide the following information as a
part of the application process:
- The location of the applicant's principal place of
business and the areas of the state where the
crane certifier will conduct certifications;
- A statement specifying the type(s) of
certification(s) the applicant desires to perform.
- A resume of the applicant, and every other person
who is to be approved as a Surveyor. Each resume
shall contain at a minimum the following
- Applicant's full name, mailing address and
- Any relevant professional licenses,
registrations and certifications possessed by
- Applicant's complete educational history,
including trade schools attended,
manufacturers seminars attended and any other
types of training.
- Applicant's complete work history
establishing at least five (5) years crane
and/or derrick-related work experience. The
work history shall include the job duties
performed in each employment, the name of
each employer, his or her mailing address and
telephone number, and the name, address and
telephone number of the applicant's immediate
supervisor's at that employment if the
applicant was not immediately supervised by
- Descriptive details concerning testing
instruments to be used by the applicant.
Upon request by the Crane Unit, the applicant
shall provide test reports or other
verification of the accuracy of the testing
- At least three (3) personal references and at
least three (3) business references.
All applications shall be accompanied by the
appropriate application and examination fees (see
- The Crane Unit shall notify the applicant in
writing within thirty (30) working days of receipt
of an application if the application is complete.
- If the application is incomplete, the Crane Unit
shall notify the applicant that the application is
deficient and what specific information or
documentation is required to complete the
NOTE: Incomplete applications shall be
considered "pending" by the Crane Unit for
180 days after first being filed. After 180
days, the applicant shall be required to file
a new application.
- Approval or Denial
- The Division shall notify the applicant
within thirty (30) working days after a
completed application is filed if the
applicant has satisfied the minimum
requirements for licensure, and if the
applicant meets the eligibility requirements
to take the written examination(s).
NOTE: The Crane Unit may conduct an
investigation to verify the information
contained in the application.
- When an application has been approved and
examination eligibility determined, the Crane
Unit shall notify the applicant of the date,
time and place of the written examination
make shall every effort to accommodate the
If an applicant cannot satisfy the license
application requirements, including eligibility to
take the written examination, the Crane Unit shall
notify the applicant in writing that his or her
license application has been denied and shall
specify the reasons for the denial in the
NOTE: A copy of the notification letter to
the applicant shall be sent to the Deputy
Chief for Health and Technical Services and
the Chief. See Section for denial
D. LICENSURE DURATION AND RENEWAL
- Examination Eligibility
- Existing Crane Certifiers and Surveyors
Individuals and agencies, and employees of those
agencies, who have been licensed or approved by
the Division as crane certifiers and possess an
inactive Division certification number (e.g., A-
133 or A-176), shall be deemed qualified to take
the required written examinations.
- New Applicants
Any applicant seeking licensure as a crane
certifier pursuant to §344.60 shall file an
application with the Division's Crane Unit.
- Types of Written Examinations
- General Knowledge Test (Type G)
- The General Knowledge Test includes the
following subjects: general principles of
operation, maintenance, repair, capacities,
limitations, general characteristics,
inspections, certifications, recordkeeping,
and the regulations and references of the
Division relating to cranes and derricks.
- The General Knowledge Test has a minimum of
seventy (70) and a maximum of one hundred
- Bridge & Gantry Test (Type B&G)
- The Bridge & Gantry Test includes the
following subjects: travelling or bridge
cranes, storage cranes, gantry cranes, portal
cranes, jib cranes, pillar cranes, pintle
cranes, wall cranes, polar cranes, container
cranes of rated capacity exceeding one ton,
and any modifications of these types which
retain their characteristic features except
when an order is specific as to type of
- The Bridge and Gantry Test has a minimum of
fifty (50) questions and a maximum of (100)
- Mobile Crane Test (Type M)
- The Mobile Crane Test includes the following
subject: locomotive cranes, crawler cranes,
motor truck cranes, both hydraulic and
friction, boom-type excavators, derricks and
any modification of these types which retain
their characteristic mobility, except such
units of one ton or less capacity and railway
or automotive wrecking cranes and aerial
devices designed and used for positioning
- The Mobile Crane Test has a minimum of fifty
(50) questions and a maximum of (100)
- The Tower Crane Test (Type T)
- The Tower Crane Test includes the following
subjects: all cranes of the general type such
as those having a revolving horizontal jib,
fixed or luffing, and counterjib on a single
vertical mast, as shown in 8 CCR §4885,
Figures 16 and 17.
- The Tower Crane Test has a minimum of fifty
(50) questions and a maximum of (100)
- Required Examinations
- All applicants are required to pass the General
Knowledge Test prior to taking any of the
- All applicants are required to pass one or more of
the specialty tests prior to certifying the type
of crane or derrick covered by the that
NOTE: An applicant may take as many of the
specialty tests as they wish so long as the
applicant satisfies the examination
- An applicant shall take and pass the appropriate
specialty examinations for the types of
certifications which his or her Surveyor-employees
are going to perform regardless of whether the
applicant is actively certifying crane or derricks
himself or herself.
- Source of Examination Questions
- Examination questions are based on the following
sources of information:
- Title 8 California Code of Regulations (8
- American National Standards Institute
- American Welding Society Standards (AWS);
- National Electrical Codes (NEC);
- Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE);
- Crane Manufacturer's Association of America
- Power Crane & Shovel Association (PCSA);
- Examination questions may also be based on
questions submitted by crane certifiers,
surveyors, crane manufacturers and other relevant
- Examination Format
- Most of the examination questions will be of the
multiple choice type. Five potential answers will
usually be listed, and only one will be correct.
- Some questions will call for a true or false
answer and some questions will call for a yes or
- Certain questions will utilize graphs, diagrams
and charts. Graphical and chart materials shall
be supplied by the examiner at time of examination
and shall be collected at the end of the
- Answer sheets separate from the examination shall
be provided by the examination administrator to
- Examination Location
Examinations shall be held at locations throughout the
- Examination Administration
- Types of Examinations
Applicants are permitted to take more than one
type of examination in during one testing session
if time permits. A testing session may be more
than one day in length.
All crane certifier examinations shall be
administered by Crane Unit Staff and other
Division personnel, as appropriate.
- No material may be brought into the
examination room by applicants during the
examination other than an electronic pocket
calculator (which is subject to approval by
- All required graphs, charts, descriptive
literature or other reference material needed
to correctly answer questions will be
supplied by the examination administrator.
- The examinee shall not remove any examination
materials provided by the examination
administrator or scratch paper or notes made
by the examinee during the examination.
- If a examinee wishes to leave the examination
room during the examination, all examination
materials shall remain under the control of
the examination administrator while the
examinee is out of the examination room.
- Examinees shall not use telephones during the
- In the event that the applicant cannot
complete the examination in the time
allotted, the examination administrator shall
determine whether the examination shall be
continued or rescheduled.
NOTE: Although no actual time limits
have been placed on examination session,
a determination by the examination
administrator shall be final as to
- There will be no communication permitted
between examinees during the examination.
Any question(s) requiring clarification will
be handled by the examination administrator.
- Any misunderstanding of the language or
phrasing of any examination question shall be
discussed with the examinee during the
examination. If the examination
administrator and the examinee cannot agree
on the meaning of a particular question, the
question shall be flagged and the matter
shall be referred to the Deputy Chief for
Health and Technical Services for resolution
after the examination is completed.
- Violation of the above ground rules shall be
deemed appropriate cause to terminate the
examination, at the discretion of the
examination administrator, and shall be cause
for forfeiture of testing fees.
- A copy of these rules will be sent to the
applicant with the notice of time and place
of the examination. A written affirmation of
these rules will be executed at time of
- Grading, Scoring and Notification of Results
- A review of the examination will be held with
each examinee at the conclusion of the
examination, whenever possible, to discuss
- When review of the examination is not
possible, notification of the examination
results shall be made at the earliest
- All examinations are given on a "PASS-FAIL"
- To pass a particular examination, the
applicant must correctly answer 70% of the
total number of answers attempted.
- All applicant scores shall be held in
strictest confidence by the Crane Unit.
- Notification of Results
- Successful Applicants
- Each successful applicant shall be
notified in writing by the Crane Unit
that they have passed the examination(s)
and shall be sent applicable licensing
credentials within sixty (60) days of
completion of the written examination.
- A license verification letter and a
laminated Identification Card shall be
issued to each successful applicant.
- The designations "B&G," "M" and "T"
shall appear on the ID cards to reflect
the certifier's or surveyor's scope of
- Unsuccessful Applicants
Each unsuccessful applicant shall be notified
in writing by the Crane Unit that they did
not pass the examination(s) and sent an
application for retesting.
- Any applicant who fails to pass any of the
required examinations shall be given an
opportunity to retake the examinations(s) at no
NOTE: Reexaminations after the first retest
shall be subject to applicable examination
- All retesting shall be conducted within thirty
(30) days from the date the unsuccessful
examination was administered.
- For applicants identified as "Existing
Certifiers", the applicant may continue to
certify during the period between
- For new applicants, no credentials shall be
issued until the application and examination
have been successfully completed.
- Examination Security
- All examination materials shall be kept secure.
- Proposed questions for the various tests will be
maintained in a locked filing system.
- Any examination-related data, such as lists of
examinees, examinations, mailing lists and other
related materials shall be maintained on computer
diskettes under a security system controlled by
the Crane Unit. Copies of all examinations given
shall be maintained in secure files for the
duration of the crane certifier's license period
plus five years.
- Period of Licensure
A crane certifier's license shall be valid for three
- Application for renewal shall be submitted to the
Crane Unit not less than sixty (60) days prior to
the date of license expiration.
- Since the interval for written testing is six (6)
years, each second such renewal requires a license
applicant and surveyor to successfully pass the
General Knowledge and applicable specialty
examinations in order to continue to function as
crane certifiers and surveyors.
E. CRANE CERTIFIER RESPONSIBILITIES
F. TRANSFER OF SURVEYOR CREDENTIALS
- All testing, examinations, inspections, heat
treatments, repairs and recordkeeping
procedures, with the exception of purely
clerical duties, shall be carried out only
by the licensed certifier or persons
designated in the licensing process.
- Certifiers who do not possess a Professional
Engineer's license in the State of California
may contract with an engineer who meets Title
8 Safety Order requirements to supervise
their certification activities. Such
contractual arrangement shall be a condition
of the maintenance of accreditation.
- Test Equipment Accuracy
The certifier shall ensure that dynamometers
or other test equipment used for
certification be tested for accuracy by
adhering to the period specified for
servicing by the manufacturer.
NOTE: All equipment testing shall be
conducted in accordance with the
National Bureau of Standards or other
- Testing Reports
Where test equipment is not the property of
the certifier or the surveyor, test reports
shall be made a part of the certifier's or
surveyor's records and shall be made
available upon request for inspection by the
- Proof Load Test
A copy of each certificate relating to annual
examination and/or unit proof load test is
required to be available with each crane or
derrick, or at the work site.
All certifications for cranes and derricks, proof
load test documents and Notice of Crane Safety
Deficiencies, shall be signed by the licensee or
surveyor who actually performed the work. If the
certificating agency does not wish to issue a
certification unless it has been signed by an
officer of the agency, then that officer may co-
sign the certification with the Surveyor.
- Reporting Crane Safety Deficiencies
A certifier shall complete and forward a Notice of
Crane Safety Deficiencies (IS-162) to the Crane Unit to
the Crane Unit whenever a crane certifier discovers
during a certification inspection of a crane or derrick
that the crane or derrick has deficiencies affecting
its safe operation. See P&P C-27B.
A certifier shall maintain records of all work
performed for each certification, including reports of
tests performed by others, e.g., non-destructive
testing, heat treating and other tests, at the
certifier's principal place of business. Upon request,
the certifier shall make available to the Crane Unit
all records for examination.
NOTE: The certifier shall not co-mingle test
applications and other materials related to the
Crane Certifier Testing Program in the general
business files maintained for and by each
Certifier and Surveyor.
NOTE: Any certifier's failure to comply with duties under 8
CCR §§4884 through 5035 shall be grounds for suspension or
revocation of a certifier's or surveyor's credentials to
certify cranes. See P&P C-27A.
- A Surveyor may transfer his or her accreditation from
one Certifier to another providing the following
conditions are met:
NOTE: A surveyor is an individual who is licensed
as a crane certifier but can only inspect, examine
and certify cranes under the supervision of a
licensed crane certifier.
- An application is made to the Crane Unit stating
the reason for requesting the transfer of
credentials and the date of the transfer, and
shall be accompanied by the appropriate fee.
- The surveyor is not under investigation or
suspension by the Division.
- If the date of the requested transfer is more than six
(6) months from the date on which the surveyor will be
required to requalify by retesting, no further
retesting will be required.
NOTE: The test date to be used to determine the
retesting date shall be the oldest credential the
surveyor possesses, since not all surveyors take
all tests at the same time. Some certification
credentials may have been added after original
- Application Fee $250.00
- Test Fees
- General Knowledge $190.00
- Bridge & Gantry Crane $190.00
- Mobile Crane Test $190.00
- Tower Crane Test $190.00
- Renewal of License $ 75.00
- Transfer of Credentials $ 50.00
- Replacement/Lost Credentials $ 20.00
NOTE: Applicants may take as many specialty examinations as
time permits during an examination session if the applicant
has been accepted to the examination session and has paid
the $250.00 application fee and $190.00 for the General Test
and one Specialty Test. Any additional tests taken will be
at the rate of $190.00 each. However, when three (3) or
four (4) tests are taken at one examination session, the
maximum testing fee will be $380.00.
H. ROSTER OF CRANE CERTIFIERS
- A roster of Licensed Crane Certifiers is available to
the public from the Crane Unit for a standard
- The Roster of Licensed Crane Certifiers shall be sent
by the Crane Unit to each Regional and District Office
in January and July of every year.
I. MONITORING OF CRANE CERTIFIERS AND COMPLAINTS AGAINST CRANE
See P&P C-27A.