IR #98-43
Thursday, December 17, 1998

Rick Rice
Dean Fryer
(415) 972-8835


SAN FRANCISCO -- The California Division of Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA) today issued citations to Ampco Parking and San Francisco International Airport for alleged violations of California's workplace safety and health regulations governing repetitive motion injury.

"The citations address training and engineering controls, which are two key areas of the regulation designed to prevent repetitive motion injury," said John C. Duncan, Director of the Department of Industrial Relations, Cal/OSHA's parent agency. "We are hopeful that the San Francisco International Airport and Ampco Parking will work together in a timely manner to abate the hazards cited by our Cal/OSHA investigators," he added.

Both Ampco Parking and the San Francisco International Airport were issued citations alleging failure to implement engineering controls that address the positioning of the cashiers in their workstations, particularly the seating of cashiers and their positioning, relative to keyboards and close-circuit television monitors. Ampco Parking, which is the direct employer of those diagnosed with repetitive motion injuries, was also issued a second citation for not providing training to cashiers regarding this type of injury. The airport will not be issued the second citation, since their liability is based only on their control of the equipment that is deemed problematic for Ampco's employees.

The violations are classified by Cal/OSHA as "general violations" and penalties for each citation issued to Ampco Parking will be $750, for a total of $1,500. The San Francisco International Airport will not be assessed penalties because California law precludes such assessment by Cal/OSHA against government entities.

These citations are the first to be issued under the repetitive motion injury regulations, commonly known as the "ergonomics standard." Currently, Cal/OSHA has approximately 20 other ergonomics cases under active investigation.

Under California law, employers with 10 or more employees are required to establish and implement a program designed to minimize repetitive motion injuries, when two or more employees are diagnosed with repetitive motion injuries that are caused by "identical work activity" under circumstances specifically defined by regulation. This can be accomplished through engineering controls such as work station redesign, adjustable fixtures or tool redesign, and through administrative controls such as job rotation, work pacing or work breaks. More information about the California Safety and Health regulations addressing repetitive motion injury can be found on the Department of Industrial Relations' website at or by contacting the Cal/OSHA Consultation Service at 1-800-963-9424.

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