Department of Industrial Relations

Division of Apprenticeship Standards

&

California Apprenticeship Council

 

2001

Annual Report on Activities

to the Legislature and the Public


Apprenticeship Training in California

California Apprenticeship Council

Division of Apprenticeship Standards

DAS Equal Opportunity and Outreach Activities

DAS School to Career/Apprenticeship

Legistation

Department of Corrections Inmate

Child Care Apprenticeship Program

 

Attachments

Exhibit 1 - DAS Program Statistics 1997

Exhibit 2 - DAS Program Statistics 1998

Exhibit 3 - DAS Program Statistics 1999

Exhibit 4 - DAS Program Statistics 2000

Exhibit 5 - DAS Program Statistics 2001

Exhibit 6 - DAS Program Statistics: Active Women Apprentices in Construction Occupations - 2000 & 2001

APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING IN CALIFORNIA

The apprenticeship training program system is unique. Its basic foundation is a partnership between industry, education, and government. Industry funded and industry driven, the apprenticeship training system provides an effective balance between "learning by doing" and theoretical instruction in an effort to develop workers with marketable skills.

California continues to lead the nation with 66,152 apprentices registered in over 1200 programs recognized by the Division of Apprenticeship Standards.

California's multitude of industries/employers voluntarily sponsoring or participating in an apprenticeship program have found that this system of training is efficient and cost effective because it:

CALIFORNIA APPRENTICESHIP COUNCIL

The California Apprenticeship Council (CAC) was established in 1939 by the Shelley-Maloney Apprentice Labor Standards Act. The Council is comprised of 17 members, 14 of whom are appointed by the Governor to four year terms. Six of the appointed members represent management, six represent labor and two represent the public. The remaining three are ex-officio members representing the Director of the Department of Industrial Relations (DIR), the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges and the Superintendent of Public Instruction. The Chair of the CAC is elected annually by the members of the Council. The Chief of the Division of Apprenticeship Standards serves as secretary to the CAC and DAS provides staff services.

The CAC holds open quarterly meetings to address issues affecting apprenticeship in California and to fulfill its statutory requirement to provide policy advice on apprenticeship matters to the Administrator of Apprenticeship and DIR Director; to issue rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the intent of the law; to insure that selection procedures are impartially administered to all applicants; and to conduct appeals hearings in matters of apprentice agreement disputes, new apprenticeship standards approval, and apprenticeship program administration.

In October 2001, the California Apprenticeship Council approved and submitted to the Office of Administrative law, proposed regulations amending Section 208 of the California Labor Code of Regulations. The proposed regulations to Section 208 would modify the method of establishing the wage scale for apprentices. The proposed regulations would require all contractors who use apprentices on public works projects to pay apprentices the living wage on private work as well. The revisions essentially use the Director's geographical survey as a source for determining the starting wages for apprentices.

On January 16, 2002, the Office of Administrative law approved and adopted the proposed regulations, which go in to effect February 16, 2002.


DIVISION OF APPRENTICESHIP STANDARDS

The Division of Apprenticeship Standards (DAS), within the Department of Industrial Relations, administers California's apprenticeship law, the Shelley-Maloney Apprentice Labor Standards Act of 1939 and the CAC's regulations.

The main responsibility of the DAS is the promotion and development of employment-based apprenticeship training programs; the improvement of apprentice working conditions; and the advancement of profitable employment opportunities for apprentices. The DAS accomplishes these objectives by providing consultative services to apprenticeship program sponsors, employers, employee organizations and education providers. It also has oversight responsibility for proper program management and ensuring that high training standards are maintained for apprentices - including their wages, hours and working conditions; skills to be learned and length of training; required supplemental classroom instruction; as well as the auditing of selection and disciplinary proceedings of apprentices or prospective apprentices.

Other DAS responsibilities include:


DAS EQUAL OPPORTUNITY AND
OUTREACH ACTIVITIES

Equal Opportunity

The percentage of minorities and women participating in apprenticeship programs remained fairly constant. As of December 31, 2001, 54.7% of California's registered apprentices were from minority groups and 7.3% were women.


DAS Outreach Activities

During 2001, DAS officials participated in a number of conferences, workshops and various other informational forums designed to seek out new and innovative ideas to expand and promote apprenticeship. They also opened a district office in San Diego, California, to strengthen their presence in areas south of Los Angeles. DAS presently has offices in
Los Angeles and Santa Ana, as well, as Santa Barbara and San Bernardino, which are serviced out of Los Angeles and Santa Ana, respectively.

Some of the highlights included:

DAS SCHOOL TO CAREER/APPRENTICESHIP

California's School-to-Career/Apprenticeship program (STC/A) continues to move forward. The STC/A program differs from most other school initiated work experience programs for students in that all on-the-job training is paid, and the agreement signed with the employer is a commitment of continued employment and training upon the student's graduation.

The STC/A program is the only recognized skilled training system that is entirely industry based and operated. It creates a linkage between the education system and industry while encouraging students to stay in school and graduate. The program begins the process of preparing students for transition into selected career fields through part-time, paid-on-the-job training while the student is still in school. The signed apprenticeship agreement outlines what job specific training will be provided by the employer and the school. Upon graduation, the student continues in the apprenticeship program which transitions into full-time employment and further classroom instruction in the community college system or adult education until the term of apprenticeship is completed.

The STC/A program is overseen by the Ad Hoc Committee of the California Apprenticeship Council and includes representatives from industry, labor, government and education. The goal is the development of one or more STC/A models that can be utilized in all schools where there is an interest and industry partnership.

The key to the STC/A program is that it encourages expansion and change to meet the needs of industry without adversely affecting education goals and objectives.

Of the original (6) pilot programs, (4) remain, with (1) additional program approved in 2001. The industries currently participating in the School-to-Career/Apprenticeship Pilot Program include; automotive, machinists, construction, masonry, and healthcare.

In 2000, the CAC's School-to-Career/Apprenticeship Ad Hoc Committee was given the responsibility of producing a booklet designed to introduce and inform educators of career opportunities that exist through apprenticeship training.

Published in January 2001, Orientation to Apprenticeship: A Guide for Educators, was developed under the direction of the California Apprenticeship Council.

The guide contains:

Also in 2001, the DAS, in-conjunction with representatives from the Director's office of the Department of Industrial Relations, developed a video, "Apprenticeship: The Best Kept Secret", with the intent to promote the advancement of apprenticeship.


LEGISLATION


The following is a summary and status of apprenticeship related legislation introduced in the 2000-2001 legislative session:

AB 1087 (Calderon)

Under AB 931 (Calderon) - [Chapter 781, 1999], the DAS, was required to, by July 1, 2001, establish minimum training, competency, and certification standards for electricians, and to establish and adopt regulations and fees to implement those standards. It also required the division to establish advisory committees (including electrical contractors on the committees) as needed to develop electricians' standards by March 1, 2000.

AB 1087 requires DAS to administer the following provisions of the bill:

STATUS: Signed by Governor Davis, May 29, 2002, Chapter 48

AB 1131 (Frommer)

Existing law provides that reimbursement rate for apprenticeship education shall be established in the annual Budget Act. Currently, the reimbursement rate applies to isolated apprentices and defines isolated apprentices as apprentices registered with the DAS. This bill limits reimbursement under the existing provision for related and supplemental instruction provided to indentured apprentices to reimbursement for instruction provided by a program approved by the DAS.

STATUS: Signed by Governor Davis, March 11, 2002, Chapter 11

DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS INMATE
APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM


The Division of Apprenticeship Standards (DAS), California Department of Corrections, and California Youth Authority, have collaborated to establish an apprenticeship training program designed to help inmates develop marketable skills enabling them to secure gainful employment upon their release. The inmate apprenticeship program encourages sponsors to assist inmates who, upon their release, would transition into their existing apprenticeship programs in the private sector.

In addition to the state sponsored apprenticeship program, various individual institutions also have established in-house inmate apprenticeship programs in several occupations. Some of which include; automotive repair, machinists, meat cutting, dry cleaning, printing, and upholstery trades.

At the end of 2001, a total of (64) inmate apprentices were registered with the DAS, and (4) apprenticeship programs had been approved

CHILD CARE APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM

In 2001, the Division of Apprenticeship Standards was awarded a $350,000 federal grant to expand California's current child care apprenticeship program. The funding represents an exciting opportunity for the division to develop and promote much needed new child care apprenticeship programs, while strengthening existing programs that will meet or exceed current federal guidelines. Specifically, the grant, which has designated a performance period of 18 months (February 15, 2001 through August 15, 2002), provides for additional DAS staffing, administrative resources, and external outreach activities for promoting child care apprenticeship. Currently, the DAS' apprenticeship program requires 2000 hours of on-the-job training and 108 hours of related and supplemental instruction per year, while the federal program requires 4000 hours of on-the-job training, and 144 hours of related and supplemental instruction per year. DAS' Senior Management believes that increasing the hourly requirements to meet or exceed current federal program standards, they will improve the quality of training and provide upward mobility for apprentices in the form of new, higher, better paying classifications. The division has already initiated programs for pre-school teacher and child care development associate occupations, which the division expects will be expanded under the federal grant.

In 1999, the Child Care Advisory Committee was created to help meet the growing demand for quality child care. The committee, consisting of child care employers, educators, non-profit organizations, and government officials, was formed to bring together various stakeholders to better target the key areas for promoting and expanding existing child care programs in the state. The advisory committee met in October and December of 2001. During the respective meetings the advisory committee formed two subcommittees; 1) Standards Development Committee - to focus on advising DAS in the development of the "expanded" child care apprenticeship program 2) Compensation Strategies Committee - to explore and recommend strategies for increasing compensation sources for child care workers in California; defined short and long term committee goals; and reviewed and discussed other key related issues such as new strategies for expanding funding for work, School-to-Career, and pending state and federal legislation addressing the reimbursement rate to Title V for cost to run the program (SB 993 - Figuroa), and the "Focus Act" [S 814 (Dodd) / HR 1650 (Miller - CA) ]focusing on financial rewards for child care teacher and provider.

In 2001, DAS officials independently, and through the advisory committee meetings, met with a variety of organizations, individuals, and interested parties, and also participated in local and national child care conferences to continue to explore new and innovative opportunities for apprenticeship in this field.